Obama administration forces ‘EPA’s unprecedented land grab’ on Americans

“The proposed rule provides none of the clarity and certainty it promises. Instead, it creates confusion and risk by providing the agencies with almost unlimited authority to regulate, at their discretion, any low spot where rainwater collects, including common farm ditches, ephemeral drainages, agricultural ponds, and isolated wetlands found in and near farms and ranches across the nation.”

Ah well, there is a bright side. Urban America will wake up one day very hungry, in fact, starving. When that day comes, we (rural America) will hold all the cards. I suggest that we take no prisoners. They deserve exactly what they are going to get. — jtl, 419

stream on a farm in Maryland

at Personal Liberty

The Obama administration on Wednesday announced that it will finalize a controversial Environmental Protection Agency regulation — one that would give the government control over small waterways such as wetlands, streams, puddles and drainage ditches — despite healthy opposition from landowners, businesses and the agricultural community.

The rule, unveiled in March 2014, has been billed by regulators as an attempt to simplify and clarify which waterways are covered by the Clean Water Act and which ones aren’t.

“For the water in the rivers and lakes in our communities that flow to our drinking water to be clean, the streams and wetlands that feed them need to be clean too,” EPA Administrator Gina McCarthy said Wednesday. “Protecting our water sources is a critical component of adapting to climate change impacts like drought, sea level rise, stronger storms, and warmer temperatures — which is why EPA and the Army have finalized the Clean Water Rule to protect these important waters, so we can strengthen our economy and provide certainty to American businesses.”

Administration officials argue that the need to act was created by Supreme Court decisions in recent years that created questions about the EPA’s authority over small bodies of water.

But opponents of the measure say the new regulations go far beyond clarification. They argue that the new water rules will increase EPA authority over vast swaths of private property with the help of broad language giving environmental regulators new authority to scrutinize business and agricultural activities near very small bodies of water and even dry creek beds.

The American Farm Bureau said of the rules last fall: “The proposed rule provides none of the clarity and certainty it promises. Instead, it creates confusion and risk by providing the agencies with almost unlimited authority to regulate, at their discretion, any low spot where rainwater collects, including common farm ditches, ephemeral drainages, agricultural ponds, and isolated wetlands found in and near farms and ranches across the nation.”

The EPA’s water rule has been stalled for months due to opposition and Capitol Hill Republicans’ vows to fight the regulatory changes. The administration’s move Wednesday signals that the water rules are now finalized and on the fast track to implementation.

In anticipation of further GOP attacks on the new rules, White House officials have portrayed opponents of the rules are fighting clean, safe water for millions of Americans.

According to Obama environmental adviser Brian Deese, only “polluters who want to threaten our clean water” oppose the rules.

Despite the Obama administration smear campaign, GOP lawmakers have again vowed to fight the EPA rule change which they see as a major threat to agribusiness and private land throughout the nation.

Sen. James Inhofe (R-Okla.), chairman of the Environment and Public Works Committee, said that lawmakers are currently working on legislation that would require the EPA to reverse and rewrite its new water rules.

“The EPA has set themselves up to increase federal control over private lands, and I will not allow it,” Inhofe said in a statement, later adding: “Our committee is planning for a markup on S. 1140 this summer, as we continue our work to halt EPA’s unprecedented land grab and refocus its job on protecting traditional navigable waters from pollution.”

House Speaker John Boehner (R-Ohio) also vowed a strong GOP response to the EPA rules in his chamber.

“The administration’s decree to unilaterally expand federal authority is a raw and tyrannical power grab that will crush jobs,” Boehner said.

He continued: “These leaders know firsthand that the rule is being shoved down the throats of hardworking people with no input, and places landowners, small businesses, farmers, and manufacturers on the road to a regulatory and economic hell.”

A Handbook for Ranch Managers Planned Grazing: A Study Guide and Reference Manual Combat Shooter's HandbookReconnaissance Marine MCI 03.32f: Marine Corps InstituteThe Betrayed: On Warriors, Cowboys and Other Misfits

The Essence of Liberty: Volume I: Liberty and History: The Rise and Fall of the Noble Experiment with Constitutionally Limited Government (Liberty and ... Limited Government) (Volume 1)  The Essence of Liberty: Volume II: The Economics of Liberty (Volume 2) The Essence of Liberty: Volume III: A Universal Philosophy of Political Economy (Liberty: A Universal Political Ethic) (Volume 3) Environmental & Natural Resource Economics: The Austrian View

Environmental & Natural Resource Economics: The Austrian View

edited by

Dr Jimmy T (Gunny) LaBaume

Is now available in both PAPERBACK and Kindle

BookCoverImageMurray N. Rothbard was the father of what some call Radical Libertarianism or Anarcho-Capitalism which Hans-Hermann Hoppe described as “Rothbard’s unique contribution to the rediscovery of property and property rights as the common foundation of both economics and political philosophy, and the systematic reconstruction and conceptual integration of modern, marginalist economics and natural-law political philosophy into a unified moral science: libertarianism.”

This book applies the principles of this “unified moral science” to environmental and natural resource management issues.

The book started out life as an assigned reading list for a university level course entitled Environmental and Natural Resource Economics: The Austrian View.

As I began to prepare to teach the course, I quickly saw that there was a plethora of textbooks suitable for universal level courses dealing with environmental and natural resource economics. The only problem was that they were all based in mainstream neo-classical (or Keynesian) theory. I could find no single collection of material comprising a comprehensive treatment of environmental and natural resource economics based on Austrian Economic Theory.

However, I was able to find a large number of essays, monographs, papers delivered at professional meetings and published from a multitude of sources. This book is the result. It is composed of a collection of research reports and essays by reputable scientists, economists, and legal experts as well as private property and free market activists.

The book is organized into seven parts: I. Environmentalism: The New State Religion; II. The New State Religion Debunked; III. Introduction to Environmental and Natural Resource Economics; IV. Interventionism: Law and Regulation; V. Pollution and Recycling; VI. Property Rights: Planning, Zoning and Eminent Domain; and VII. Free Market Conservation. It also includes an elaborate Bibliography, References and Recommended Reading section including an extensive Annotated Bibliography of related and works on the subject.

The intellectual level of the individual works ranges from quite scholarly to informed editorial opinion.

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Cows Can Change the World

Alan Savory is a brilliant man when it comes to ecology. However, his political views have a serious port side list and they have since the days of Rhodesia. Be that as it may, in this article, he showed some signs of understanding the main part of the problem when he referred to what is going on in the West as a “cultural genocide.”Indeed it is.

He describes the problem very well and shows a thorough understanding of how the American political system doesn’t work. 

His his solution is a mammoth and magical shift in “public perception.” Anybody want to make any book on whether or not that will ever happen?

He makes very little, if any, mention of the role that private property and free markets will, by necessity, have to play when the “ultimate tragedy occurs.”

“Solutions and collaboration” are not possible–at least on the grandiose scale we need, and the short time we have to muster it, in order to avert the “ultimate tragedy.” Further, there will always be “conflict” as long as the dominant guy (a sociopath by default) gains his revenue at the point of a gun.

Most all “problems” are manufactured by, or are unintended consequences of,  government interventionism. Abolish government and these problems will disappear as if by magic.

The laws of economics are as real as the law of gravity. The ignorant owners of “desertified”ranches would be on their own. They will go broke and, as a result, the assets will fall into more capable hands. It is nature’s way.  — jtl, 419

by Alan Savory in RANGE MAGAZINE

The recent RANGE article featuring Nevada rancher Cliven Bundy (whose cattle were taken from his southern Nevada range by the BLM backed up by SWAT teams) typifies the western ranching cultural genocide taking place. It is a tragedy based on deeply held myths and assumptions rather than on any known science.

No publication has done more than RANGE, valiantly fighting for fairness and the rights of ranchers in the protracted rancher-federal agency war over western public lands. When decent human beings—including ranchers, environmentalists and government land managers who are doing the best they can—all want healthy land with abundant wildlife, flowing rivers, stable rural families and communities in a healthy thriving nation, solutions and collaboration are needed instead of conflict.

How easy it is to draw our swords and yet how difficult it is to re-sheath them. So let me start with a point that I believe all parties can agree upon… Continue Reading Here

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Cattle are one of America’s best-kept environmental secrets

Unlike any other protein, ruminants are able to populate large areas of geography, consuming the vegetation and in so doing, create protein. At the same time, cattle replace nutrients back into the land in the form of natural fertilizer.

Well, it looks like that even the mainstream may be beginning to catch on.

Planned Grazing: A Study Guide and Reference ManualBefore the Marxists infiltrated and took over the Society for Range Management and its terminology, “range-land” was defined as “land whose highest and best economic use is the production of domestic livestock.” It was understood that range-lands were grazed by A Handbook for Ranch Managersdefault–because they were too dry, too wet, too cold, too isolated, too something to be used for any other purpose.  Those were better days. — jtl, 419

By Vicki Dutton via Beef Magazine

North America may be better served if it hugged a cow rather than malign them.

Environmental & Natural Resource Economics: The Austrian ViewIt is high time this continent rises to the occasion, realizes just what the ruminant is to America, and rather than ostracize this complete food factory on four legs, just go hug a cow.

While the current environmental foodies of the day claim aversion to red meat for reasons related to its environmental   Combat Shooter's HandbookReconnaissance Marine MCI 03.32f: Marine Corps InstituteThe Betrayed: On Warriors, Cowboys and Other Misfitsfootprint, the reality is the story of red meat as a global protein source is actually one of efficient utilization of a resource that otherwise would be lost in the supply of global nutrition: scavengers of hostile environments creating protein for human consumption. Therefore, the environmental footprint of a cow is actually quite environmentally amazing.

The Essence of Liberty: Volume I: Liberty and History: The Rise and Fall of the Noble Experiment with Constitutionally Limited Government (Liberty and ... Limited Government) (Volume 1)  The Essence of Liberty: Volume II: The Economics of Liberty (Volume 2) The Essence of Liberty: Volume III: A Universal Philosophy of Political Economy (Liberty: A Universal Political Ethic) (Volume 3) There was a reason the Native Americans thrived with game and buffalo meat as a protein source. When settlement led to the wholesale slaughter of the bison herds, cattle were introduced and now graze much of the same land as did the bison—land that has no real productive value other than grazing. By being grazed, it produces protein for humans.

USDA statistics indicate that grazingland in the U.S. is about 30% of the total land base. Of the 2.3 billion acres of land in the U.S., grassland and pasture is 614 million acres, only 18%. An additional 127 million acres of grazed forests take the total grazingland to almost 800 million acres. Another 408 million acres is cropland.

On this grazingland, cattle produced in the U.S. generated 25 billion pounds of red meat as protein, according to USDA, with a retail value of $88 billion, a producer value of $50 billion and export value adding another $6 billion.

However, environmentalists would prefer to allow this land to be natural, letting the buffalo roam and the deer and antelope play like music tripping over the land. Indeed a wonderful idea, but at what cost to human protein supply? Those who bash red meat should be forced to explain their plan to replace 25 billion pounds of protein produced in America alone. In addition to protein, the bioavailable iron, zinc and the naturally-occurring micronutrients in red meat have been a reliable source of nutrition for centuries.

Let’s drill down a little further, to the argument of the pundits whose catch-phrase of sustainability is now driving food agendas, by taking a look at what a red meat harvester contributes to the nutrition cycle of mankind. Unlike any other protein, ruminants are able to populate large areas of geography, consuming the vegetation and in so doing, create protein. At the same time, cattle replace nutrients back into the land in the form of natural fertilizer.

Ruminants engage the sustainable conversion of vegetation to protein in a practice as old as nature itself. Utilizing the resources often naturally available and providing an ecosystem of fertilizer and ground cover control not only benefits the environment, but grazing also controls vegetation to prevent grass fires.

So this is what the equation looks like: 30% of America’s poorest land supports about $100 billion of the country’s economy, produces 26 billion pounds of protein while providing rural employment and economic development, and many additional jobs and economic activity as those dollars and beef flow through the marketing chain to the consumer. Less than 2% of the population produces agricultural commodities and less than 1% practice animal husbandry of any form.

What environment purists do not consider is that the failure to utilize grazingland would be an environmental disaster. That’s because replacing red meat protein with alternative proteins, in a world already wondering how it will feed the 9 billion humans projected to inhabit this planet by 2050, will likely result in soil degradation, more wildlife habitat plowed under and climate change, possibly driving up the cost of alternative proteins as a result.

The reality is the 18% of American cropland used to produce food for Americans and the rest of the world would be challenged to supply alternative vegetative protein for humans and the grains to feed alternative animal protein sources. Thus, the equation which involves utilizing nature’s grasslands and foothills—land so stony, sandy, forested, brushy and with a topography that only a four-legged creature can utilize it—has, since time began, contributed to the sustenance of our world. Beef may indeed be the conservationists’ best kept secret.

Cattle are truly nature’s scavenger and the much-maligned beef industry should indeed be an environmental pillar, utilizing otherwise lost ground in the production of protein to feed the world. The reality is the world needs red meat protein to have a protein balance and utilize the natural resources of the planet to the full degree to nourish the world.

The story of the cow just may be America’s best kept environmentally sustainable production story. Environment purist should take a second look, maybe drive into America’s cattle country to experience cattle turning rangeland to protein.

Perhaps they would see that the view through the rose-colored glasses of the environment footprint equation of a cow is this: cow, plus millions of acres of rangeland in the sustainable production of billions of pounds of protein and economy, utilizing the natural resource of the most hostile ground in America. Maybe then they would be compelled to do the world a favor and just go hug a cow.

Editor’s Note—Vicki Dutton is a partner with her husband and family producing and exporting grain, and since 2014, a cattle producer from Paynton, Sask, Canada, when she realized a lifelong dream to own cattle. Annoyed at the bad rap cows get, she felt compelled to defend the sustainable hoofprint of cattle.

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Planned Grazing: A Study Guide and Reference ManualPlanned Grazing: A Study Guide and Reference Manual. This is the ideal squeal to A Handbook for Ranch Managers.  Although the ecological principles remain the same, what was originally known as “The Savory Grazing Method” now answers to a multitude of different names: ranching for profit, holistic management, managed grazing, mob grazing, management intensive grazing, etc. Land & Livestock International, Inc. uses “Restoration Grazing” under its “Managing the Ranch as a Business” program.” No mater what you call it, this summary and synopsis will guide you step by step through the process and teach you how to use it as it was originally intended. No more excuses for failing to complete your grazing plans.

Posted in Cattle Production, Planned Grazing | Tagged , , , , , | 1 Comment

Wyoming trespass law is the latest in grazing battle

Frank accused Ratner of “blatant trespasses,” and questioned WWP’s technical ability to collect accurate data.

Planned Grazing: A Study Guide and Reference ManualWhat a mess! It’s reminiscent of an incident that occurred in Trans-Pecos, Texas several years back. 

The National Park Service lusts after establishing a National Park in the vicinity of the McDonald Observatory in the Davis Mountains. However, the State owned Environmental & Natural Resource Economics: The Austrian Viewland is surrounded by family ranches that date back to the original settlement of West Texas and nobody wants to sell. 

So, the FedGov (via its real estate agent aka The Nature Conservancy (TNC)) has tried every shenanigan imaginable to trick these people into relinquishing their land.

The Essence of Liberty: Volume I: Liberty and History: The Rise and Fall of the Noble Experiment with Constitutionally Limited Government (Liberty and ... Limited Government) (Volume 1)  The Essence of Liberty: Volume II: The Economics of Liberty (Volume 2) The Essence of Liberty: Volume III: A Universal Philosophy of Political Economy (Liberty: A Universal Political Ethic) (Volume 3) For example, there was a 10 year undergraduate student (yes, you read that right) in the Biology Department at Sul Ross State University. The clown trespassed and allegedly discovered some sort of rare and endangered pond moss on the WRONG little old widow lady’s property. Combat Shooter's HandbookReconnaissance Marine MCI 03.32f: Marine Corps InstituteThe Betrayed: On Warriors, Cowboys and Other Misfits

It was a hell of a fight but she eventually prevailed.

Questions remain over whether the bill prohibits certain data collection on federal land or just private and state.

This story by Gregory Nickerson was originally published at Wyofile via High Country News

Wyoming’s new data trespassing law made national headlines last week when an opinion column in Slate raised the question of whether it attempts to criminalize data collection activities among citizens, including taking photos on public lands such as Yellowstone National Park.

That was the argument of Justin Pidot, a University of Denver assistant professor of law. He’s not an uninterested bystander in the issue, because he represents the Western Watersheds Project. The group has raised the hackles of Wyoming ranchers and lawmakers, who allege the group has trespassed on private land to collect water quality data to support an agenda of curtailing public lands grazing.

That controversial cause has made WWP the subject of a recent lawsuit in Wyoming, and one of the key reasons agricultural groups lobbied for the passage of the data trespassing law.

The law makes it a crime to collect data on “open land” outside of towns and subdivisions if the data collector lacks written or verbal permission to both access the land and collect data.

It provides for a fine of up to $5,000 for a second violation, requires the expungement of illegally collected data from state agency databases, and prohibits the use of the data in court except as evidence to bring conviction.

Importantly, the law is not explicit in limiting the trespassing charge to private land.

At issue is that the law portends to apply to state public lands, and that it creates a question of whether it attempts to apply to federal public lands, as the non-profit Western Watersheds Project believes.

Pidot’s client has a strong interest in opposing the data trespassing law because it is one of the West’s most active environmental groups engaged in water quality monitoring on public lands. Its efforts to track water quality on public grazing allotments and to file lawsuits to push for cleaner watersheds have made made WWP highly unpopular among ranchers and agriculture interest groups.

“There are other powerful interests in Wyoming that would like to prevent citizens from poking around too much, and would prefer citizen scientists to stay home rather than go on public lands,” Pidot said.

Opposition to WWP is evident in the Legislature and in state courts.

While lawmakers debated a data trespassing bill last summer, 15 ranchers sued Jonathan Ratner and the WWP for allegedly trespassing on private land to access Bureau of Land Management parcels to collect water samples. Ratner denies the accusations, saying he only crossed private lands using roads with BLM easements for public travel.

A map created by Western Watersheds Project as part of its defense exhibits in the trespassing lawsuit shows where it claims it collected data (green), BLM road easements (pink), private land (white), and state land where Jonathan Ratner collected data (blue). (courtesy Western Watersheds Project)

Ratner, Pidot, and the WWP attended a court hearing in Lander this week in which they attempted to have the case dismissed. The case awaits a ruling from Judge Norman E. Young, 9th Judicial District Court for Fremont County, expected in the next few weeks.

 

A map created by Western Watersheds Project as part of its defense exhibits in the trespassing lawsuit shows where it claims it collected data (green), BLM road easements (pink), private land (white), and state land where Jonathan Ratner collected data (blue).

Pidot believes the lawsuit fits the definition of a strategic lawsuit against public participation, also known as a SLAPP suit — which are used to rack up legal bills to the point that an individual or organization can no longer remain active on an issue.Two themes run deep in both the lawsuit against WWP and Wyoming’s data trespass law: private property rights, and the right of citizens to collect data to inform the management of public lands.

Opposing views

From Pidot’s perspective, WWP pushes state and federal agencies to fully enforce the Clean Water Act — an action that the organization believes would result in better public lands grazing management, as well as an overall reduction in public lands grazing. The group participates in a public process to inform management, Pidot says, but the lawsuit and the data trespassing bill seem designed to hinder these types of efforts.

“The mere fact that you have a criminal statute that applies to this conduct sends a real chilling message to citizens who might like to engage in these [data collecting] activities,” Pidot said. “I can’t read anyone’s mind, but my sense is they would like to stop citizen groups from monitoring public lands to uncover violations of federal law.”

Bobbie Frank, director of the Wyoming Association of Conservation Districts, lobbied for the data trespassing law, and supports the ranchers in the lawsuit against WWP. Her husband, Dan Frank was one of the attorneys who argued for the ranchers against WWP during the hearing in Lander yesterday.

“The article in Slate tries to portray this as ‘Wyoming landowners trying to hide from this environmental group,’” Bobbie Frank said. “I certainly disagree with the notion that landowners are trying to hide something.”

She called Pidot’s column a selective reading of the legislation. “It is inflammatory, and my assumption is that was its purpose,” Frank said.

In her view, the law protects landowners who face incursions from unauthorized data collectors. The state law leaves the door open for data collection on federal lands according to existing laws and regulations, she said.

“When you collect data, if you are going to cross private property you should ask permission to do so,” Frank said. “That seems fairly basic and it brings some integrity back to data collection.”

For 10 years Ratner has collected water samples on public lands to measure e coli levels in streams, which he says directly correlate to the presence of domestic livestock. He regularly submits the data to the Wyoming Department of Environmental Quality.

If a stream exceeds the e coli water standard set by the Clean Water Act, Wyoming DEQ could add it to the 303(d) list of impaired streams. Such an action could prompt the Bureau of Land Management or the Forest Service to take management actions and require grazing leaseholders to clean up streams, which could include the curtailment of grazing.

So far, WWP data has played a role in the listing of two Wyoming streams in 2012, according to Ratner. Wyoming DEQ did not use any third-party data in creating the 303(d) list for 2014, according to agency spokesman Keith Guille. The agency is currently drafting a response to comments on its 2014 draft 303(d) report.

“Some of the samples they [WWP] have taken indicate e coli levels at 200 times the compliance standards,” Pidot said. “Rather than come into compliance, the effort [from agriculture and lawmakers] seems to hide the violation, and therefore not have to deal with the problem.”

Frank accused Ratner of “blatant trespasses,” and questioned WWP’s technical ability to collect accurate data.

“I think you’d be hard pressed to say that Western Watersheds is collecting data in an unbiased fashion,” Frank said.

Trespassing lawsuit

In June 2014, Cheyenne attorney Karen Budd-Falen filed a lawsuit on behalf of 15 landowners in Fremont, Sublette, and Lincoln counties alleging that WWP and Jonathan Ratner trespassed on private land to collect water quality data.

A release posted on the Wyoming Farm Bureau Federation website that month stated that the Farm Bureau supported the plaintiff ranchers in the lawsuit, as did the Wyoming Association of Conservation Districts, the Wyoming Stock Growers Association, and the Wyoming Wool Growers Association.

While data trespassing bill champion Sen. Larry Hicks (R-Baggs) may not have made the connection between the bill and the WWP trespass lawsuit in drafting legislation during the 2013 and 2014 interims, these agriculture-affiliated groups certainly did.

All of those groups, with the exception of the Wool Growers, later voiced their support for the data trespassing bill before the Judiciary Committee. Frank lobbied in favor of the bill, noting the lawsuit against WWP.

The Office of State Lands and Investments also supported the bill, noting that WWP collected data on state land without permission. While members of the public can access state land for recreation, collecting data on state land requires a permit, according to Office of State Lands and Investments rules 14-3(k) and 16-4(a).

On April 1, 2014, the agency sent a cease and desist letter to Jonathan Ratner, who had collected water samples on state land without a permit on one occasion. Ratner later submitted a research permit application to the state, but it was not approved.

Jason Crowder, assistant director of Land Management with the Office of State Lands and Investments, said the agency advised Ratner that it needed more information. It asked Ratner to submit a survey permit application with specific grazing allotment information, rather than the research permit application used for university and educational purposes.

“As long as [WWP] went through the proper channels there wouldn’t be a reason that we would deny it,” Crowder said.

2015 legislation

During the 2015 session the data trespassing law was introduced as two mirror bills, both sponsored by the Joint Judiciary Committee. Senate File 12 created the crime of data trespassing, and Senate File 80 made data trespassing a civil violation.

For much of the session, Senate File 12 specified that the data trespassing charges only applied to “private open land.”

After the bill passed the Senate and the House, a conference committee met to iron out differences between amendments passed by each house. The conference committee, which included Sen. Larry Hicks (R-Baggs), amended the bill to strike the word “private” from the phrase “private open land.”

That change was intended to expand the bill to apply to state land, Hicks said.

Hicks said he agrees the bill cannot apply to federal land, since state can’t tell private citizens they aren’t legally allowed to enter lands like Yellowstone.

“We don’t have the authority to tell you what you can or can’t do on federal lands, that’s not in our legislative purview,” Hicks said. “If you legally access federal lands, that doesn’t apply. You are not captured under this law. … As long as [Ratner] stays off private property he can do any damn thing he wants….”

Pidot says his reading of the law is not hyperbole.

“I think as a matter of law the Senator is wrong,” Pidot said. “The way the [data trespassing] law is phrased, there is no exemption for federal land, and a local sheriff could try to prosecute someone [for collecting data] on federal land.”

Open land means everywhere?

Pidot and Ratner believe the bill’s term “open land” and its definition to include all land outside of incorporated cities and subdivisions is an insinuation that the data trespass bill applies to all lands — private, state, and federal.

“If the intent was really what [Hicks] says, it wouldn’t be written how it is written, because it is very plain that it covers all unincorporated lands within the state of Wyoming,” Ratner said. “Why they couldn’t have put in those three additional acronyms [for private, state, and county land]?”

Pidot says legal precedent shows federal lands don’t always preempt state laws. For example, driving on BLM land without a state-issued driver’s license is an enforceable crime under state law. He cited the United States Supreme Court case California Coastal Commission v. Granite Rock Co. as an example that state law can apply on federal land. That means the data trespassing law could very well apply on federal lands, he said.

University of Wyoming law professor Debra Donahue thinks federal access law would likely preempt the state data trespassing law, “but to make that conclusion official, the courts would have to rule,” she said. “Defending a trespass claim or charge would be costly — the tactic of a SLAPP suit.”

For Hicks, the intent of the legislation makes clear that it doesn’t apply to federal lands.

“You can spin this any way you want, but this was designed to safeguard private property rights,” Hicks said.

Since the law will be interpreted by law enforcement and the courts, Hicks’ intent is irrelevant if the letter of the law says otherwise, Ratner said.

“It is a fascinating story and particularly fascinating because it sounds like the sponsors of the bill are saying they meant to do less than they did,” Pidot said. “Lawmakers made a law with a lot of unintended circumstances, and then the question becomes, ‘what do you do about that law?’”

A chilling effect

Regardless of Hicks’ interpretation, Ratner says attorneys have advised him not to collect any data on federal public land without express written permission from management agencies.

That’s because Wyoming’s data trespass law states that citizens must have legal authority to enter open land and have written or verbal authorization to collect data. If it applies to federal land, that requires getting permission from the BLM or Forest Service to collect data.

Cows graze on the north fork of the Powder River in the Bighorn National Forest. Western Watershed Project says the “data trespassing” bill that became law in Wyoming this year may require explicit permission from federal agencies to collect data on a case-by-case basis.
Flickr Creative Commons/Mia & Steve Mestdagh

Pidot said the Forest Service doesn’t issue tickets for collecting water data, but neither does it issue blanket authorization to collect data, or offer “express” permission. That means WWP may need to have Forest Service permission to collect water on a case-by-case basis.

Meanwhile, the BLM says it is still reviewing the law. “From the BLM perspective, we are still in the process of having our solicitor look at the implications of the data trespassing bill,” BLM Wyoming spokeswoman Kristen Lenhardt said. “The preliminary view is that it doesn’t change the existing authorizations for access and use of federal public lands.”

Ratner is also wary of collecting data because of the lawsuit filed by Karen Budd-Falen on behalf of the 15 ranchers. The suit accuses WWP of trespassing, and asks for damages and legal fees. WWP has spent significant amounts of time and money fighting the lawsuit, which he believes has no merit. He sees it as an effort to silence the organization and make it wary of doing anything that could bring another costly lawsuit.

All of those factors lead Pidot to characterize the lawsuit as a SLAPP suit.

“Since they are seeking punitive damage, they are looking at WWP as a business, and making sure that everyone else is on notice that if you engage in water quality activities monitoring ranching, you may very well end up getting sued,” he said.

Ratner characterized the data trespassing laws as “SLAPP legislation.”

“The ag industry needed to come up with a solution to avoid any future listing of streams ever again,” Ratner said, referring to Wyoming’s data trespass law. “The intent is to eliminate the ability of citizens to collect the water quality data necessary to list streams ever again. … It is a perfect way to completely get out from any accountability under the Clean Water Act.”

Editor’s Note: For more on this topic, see this Capitol Beat post from May 12, at Wyofile. Flickr Creative Commons photos from United States Fish and Wildlife ServiceSteve Stevens, and Mia and Steve Mestdagh.

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A Handbook for Ranch ManagersA Handbook for Ranch Managers.  In keeping with the “holistic” idea that the land, the livestock, the people and the money should be viewed as a single integrated whole: Part I deals with the management of the natural resources. Part II covers livestock production and Part III deals with the people and the money. Not only would this book make an excellent basic text for a university program in Ranch Management, no professional ranch manager’s reference bookshelf should be without it. It is a comprehensive reference manual for managing the working ranch. The information in the appendices and extensive bibliography alone is worth the price of the book.

You might be interested in this books supplement: Planned Grazing: A Study Guide and Reference Manual.

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Wanted – Sage Grouse Protectors – Annual Salary at $100,000

A Handbook for Ranch ManagersDid you ever notice how government’s  universal solution to all “problems” is to throw money at them? The problem is that it is never their own money. — jtl, 419

Wanted – Sage Grouse Protectors – Annual Salary at $100,000

by Peter Christian, KGVO

This from the Associated Press via NorthernAg.net

HELENA, Mont. (AP) — State officials are planning to hire five full-time employees this Planned Grazing: A Study Guide and Reference Manualsummer to protect a bird species that’s a candidate for the federal endangered species list.

Montana plans to spend about $500,000 annually on the salaries for at least five new positions, starting with a program director, who will oversee the management of sage grouse.

Environmental & Natural Resource Economics: The Austrian ViewThe team will be housed in the governor’s office and tasked with distributing $10 million over the next two years to conserve the habitat and population of the ground-dwelling bird.

A court-ordered deadline requires the U.S. Fish The Essence of Liberty: Volume I: Liberty and History: The Rise and Fall of the Noble Experiment with Constitutionally Limited Government (Liberty and ... Limited Government) (Volume 1)  The Essence of Liberty: Volume II: The Economics of Liberty (Volume 2) The Essence of Liberty: Volume III: A Universal Philosophy of Political Economy (Liberty: A Universal Political Ethic) (Volume 3) and Wildlife Service to decide by Sept. 30 whether the animal will be added to a list of threatened or endangered species. Montana and other Western states are taking steps they hope will make the designation and accompanying federal regulations unnecessary.  Combat Shooter's HandbookReconnaissance Marine MCI 03.32f: Marine Corps InstituteThe Betrayed: On Warriors, Cowboys and Other Misfits

So…where do we sign up?

Source:  KGVO

Image courtesy of Path Finder Energy

Environmental & Natural Resource Economics: The Austrian View

edited by

Dr Jimmy T (Gunny) LaBaume

Is now available in both PAPERBACK and Kindle

BookCoverImageMurray N. Rothbard was the father of what some call Radical Libertarianism or Anarcho-Capitalism which Hans-Hermann Hoppe described as “Rothbard’s unique contribution to the rediscovery of property and property rights as the common foundation of both economics and political philosophy, and the systematic reconstruction and conceptual integration of modern, marginalist economics and natural-law political philosophy into a unified moral science: libertarianism.”

This book applies the principles of this “unified moral science” to environmental and natural resource management issues.

The book started out life as an assigned reading list for a university level course entitled Environmental and Natural Resource Economics: The Austrian View.

As I began to prepare to teach the course, I quickly saw that there was a plethora of textbooks suitable for universal level courses dealing with environmental and natural resource economics. The only problem was that they were all based in mainstream neo-classical (or Keynesian) theory. I could find no single collection of material comprising a comprehensive treatment of environmental and natural resource economics based on Austrian Economic Theory.

However, I was able to find a large number of essays, monographs, papers delivered at professional meetings and published from a multitude of sources. This book is the result. It is composed of a collection of research reports and essays by reputable scientists, economists, and legal experts as well as private property and free market activists.

The book is organized into seven parts: I. Environmentalism: The New State Religion; II. The New State Religion Debunked; III. Introduction to Environmental and Natural Resource Economics; IV. Interventionism: Law and Regulation; V. Pollution and Recycling; VI. Property Rights: Planning, Zoning and Eminent Domain; and VII. Free Market Conservation. It also includes an elaborate Bibliography, References and Recommended Reading section including an extensive Annotated Bibliography of related and works on the subject.

The intellectual level of the individual works ranges from quite scholarly to informed editorial opinion.

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Farmland management changes can boost carbon sequestration rates

“In less than a decade, management-intensive grazing restores these soils to levels of organic matter they had as native forests. These farms accumulate soil carbon at rates as fast as ever measured globally.”

A Handbook for Ranch ManagersWell whoopie doo! What I like most about it is that it makes money. — jtl

 by J. Merritt Melancon via phys.orgFarmland management changes can boost carbon sequestration rates

 

Planned Grazing: A Study Guide and Reference ManualConverting to pastures managed using intensive grazing principles can capture up to 8 metric tons of carbon per hectare, or 3.6 tons per acre, per year in the soil. This makes the soils more nutrient-rich and allows them to hold more water. Credit: Dennis Hancock/UGA

 

Environmental & Natural Resource Economics: The Austrian ViewWell-maintained pastures prevent erosion, protect water and, as it turns out, can restore the soil’s organic matter much more quickly than previously thought, according to a team of researchers from the University of Georgia and the University of Florida.

Combat Shooter's HandbookReconnaissance Marine MCI 03.32f: Marine Corps InstituteThe Betrayed: On Warriors, Cowboys and Other MisfitsSoil contains the largest terrestrial reservoir of carbon. Tilling fields every year to plant crops releases soil carbon into the atmosphere. It’s been known for a long time that transitioning cropland to pastureland where livestock grazes replenishes the soil’s carbon, but their study showed that the process can be much more rapid than scientists previously thought.

The Essence of Liberty: Volume I: Liberty and History: The Rise and Fall of the Noble Experiment with Constitutionally Limited Government (Liberty and ... Limited Government) (Volume 1)  The Essence of Liberty: Volume II: The Economics of Liberty (Volume 2) The Essence of Liberty: Volume III: A Universal Philosophy of Political Economy (Liberty: A Universal Political Ethic) (Volume 3) “What is really striking is just how fast these farms gain soil organic matter,” said Aaron Thompson, associate professor of environmental soil chemistry and senior author on the study. “In less than a decade, management-intensive grazing restores these soils to levels of organic matter they had as native forests. These farms accumulate soil carbon at rates as fast as ever measured globally.”

The rate of carbon increase was so high for the first six years that capturing carbon in the soil could also help offset the planet’s rise in atmospheric carbon dioxide. Converting to pastures managed using intensive grazing principles can capture up to 8 metric tons of carbon per hectare, or 3.6 tons per acre, per year in the soil. This makes the soils more nutrient-rich and allows them to hold more water.

The study, funded by the National Institute of Food and Agriculture and published in the May edition of the journal Nature Communications, tracked changes in soil organic matter on Georgia farms that had changed within the last six years from growing row crops to producing milk as grass-fed dairies.

On most North American dairies, hay and silage crops are cultivated in fields separated from the cows’ pasture and then fed to the herd as needed. But in management-intensive grazing, the cows spend 90 percent of their time out on pasture.

“We found that converting cropland to rotational grazing systems can increase soil organic matter and improve soil quality at rates much faster than previously thought possible in a system that sustains food production,” said the study’s lead author, Megan Machmuller, who worked on the three-year project as a doctoral student in UGA’s Odum School of Ecology. She is now a postdoctoral fellow at Colorado State University.

Management-intensive grazing, a practice growing in popularity among Southeastern dairy farmers and pasture-based beef cattle farmers, allows producers to efficiently use the nutrition provided in their pastures. In addition to emphasizing pasture quality and quantity for the cattle, these management-intensive grazing practices also feed the biological activity within the soil. This fosters the development of organic matter, thus capturing larger quantities of carbon that would be otherwise released into the atmosphere.

“These systems are proliferating throughout sub-tropical regions that allow year-round grazing—which increases their profitability. They could offer a rare win-win in land management—providing profitable food production with rapid soil restoration and short-term climate mitigation,” said study co-author Nick Hill, a professor of crop physiology at UGA.

“In Georgia, the number of pasture-based dairies has expanded rapidly since 2005. Many of these farmers are using pastureland that was once devoted to row crops,” said study co-author Dennis Hancock, an associate professor and UGA Extension forage specialist. “Once their pasture-based operations were up and running, they began reporting that they were seeing less need for fertilizer and irrigation in order to maintain their forage crops.

“The carbon accumulation in soils under pasture-based dairy production in Georgia has major implications in the Southeast, as it shows the ‘carbon footprint’ of these dairy systems is far more positive than previously thought.”

The team made additional soil quality measurements after hearing the farmers’ anecdotal evidence. They also found that after six years of management intensive grazing, the soil could retain 95 percent more nutrients and 34 percent more water. The impacts of this system on soil fertility and quality is potentially greatest for heavily degraded soils, like those in the Southeast.

Dairymen who farm sandy soils like we have in the coastal plain of the Southeastern U.S. need all the help that they can get with these soil properties, according to Hancock. Often, having good soil organic matter and the benefits that come from it can be the difference between losing and making money.

Most future land use change is expected to take place in existing agricultural and pastoral lands, said study co-author Marc Kramer, an associate professor in the soil and water science department at the University of Florida.

“Emerging land use activities such as intensive grazing show what is achievable in terms of profitable farming with clear carbon cycle and soil fertility benefits,” he said. “It is the tip of the iceberg really.”

Explore further: Study finds that soil carbon may not be as stable as previously thought

More information: “Emerging land use practices rapidly increase soil organic matter” Nature Communications 6, Article number: 6995 DOI: 10.1038/ncomms7995

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Planned Grazing: A Study Guide and Reference ManualPlanned Grazing: A Study Guide and Reference Manual. This is the ideal squeal to A Handbook for Ranch Managers.  Although the ecological principles remain the same, what was originally known as “The Savory Grazing Method” now answers to a multitude of different names: ranching for profit, holistic management, managed grazing, mob grazing, management intensive grazing, etc. Land & Livestock International, Inc. uses “Restoration Grazing” under its “Managing the Ranch as a Business” program.” No mater what you call it, this summary and synopsis will guide you step by step through the process and teach you how to use it as it was originally intended. No more excuses for failing to complete your grazing plans.

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10 Tools Needed By Globalists To Finally Get Their One World Government

…it’s difficult to imagine that anyone actually believes there is a difference between Left and Right, Democrats and Republicans. Without the ability of the control system to maintain the illusion of choice between two parties which serve the exact same master, the new world order control plans would fall apart overnight.

A Handbook for Ranch ManagersYep, not a dime’s worth of difference in any of them. All they ever argue over is how they want to spend the stolen money. — jtl, 419

By Bernie Suarez via Activist Post

Planned Grazing: A Study Guide and Reference ManualWe all know that to build a house you need to have the right tools. Not having the right tools makes the difference between success and failure. So, then, what tools might the globalists be using right now to advance their plans for a one world government, the so-called new world order of global enslavement?

Environmental & Natural Resource Economics: The Austrian ViewUnderstanding the necessary tools the controllers need and are currently using to meet their goals might allow us to figure out where we should focus our energy; and it may show us what things we might be able to do to slow down, derail or even stop their new world order plans altogether.

The Essence of Liberty: Volume I: Liberty and History: The Rise and Fall of the Noble Experiment with Constitutionally Limited Government (Liberty and ... Limited Government) (Volume 1)  The Essence of Liberty: Volume II: The Economics of Liberty (Volume 2) The Essence of Liberty: Volume III: A Universal Philosophy of Political Economy (Liberty: A Universal Political Ethic) (Volume 3) So here are ten powerful tools being used by the controllers, ten tools without which there will be no new world order.

1 – Global warming/Climate change psyop

Combat Shooter's HandbookReconnaissance Marine MCI 03.32f: Marine Corps InstituteThe Betrayed: On Warriors, Cowboys and Other MisfitsIt is becoming abundantly clear. No global warming means no new world order, no Agenda 21, no global carbon tax, no usurping of local and states’ rights in favor of global agendas, no domination over the individual and no micromanaging of the individual’s energy expenditure for the sake of the planet and a “sustainable” earth. Few topics are as important to the new world order plans as the global warming hoax/climate change religion. For this reason, the global warming hoax has become completely immune to logic, science, reason and truth and instead marches right along from ignoring the facts, to name calling to direct control of climate legislation while the paid politicians insist the science is “settled”. No one should be surprised by the locked-in ignorant and stubborn mindset of this movement. This was a big issue to the eugenics control freaks many decades ago, they put a lot of work into ensuring long-term success, and we are now seeing the result of this long-term effort.

2 – Government “scientific consensus”

Without government pseudo-science, the globalists recent plans would have fallen apart long ago. Let’s face it, almost every day now we’re hearing about a “study” that proves yet another government narrative. These coincidences happen because government “scientists” are not interested in the true results and scientific correlations. Truth does not make money; in fact, it’s a money loser. Conclusions that support government agendas on the other hand do make a lot of money. For this reason science has been hijacked by government for political agendas.

In place right now are numerous prominent “scientific” journals all waiting to publish whatever studies support the new world order agenda. The sooner people realize that the science has been taken over, the sooner this important new world order tool can be taken away from them. Without this powerful weapon, the globalists would lose their ability to push all the medical, food related, environmental and chemical related “studies” on the masses. This would immediately pose a threat to large pharmaceutical companies, vaccine makers and many other drug-related companies.

3 – Geoengineering and chemtrails spraying

This is a topic increasingly inseparable from the climate change/global warming fraud. Geoengineering is very real and a lot of things are at stake if the globalists had to give up this issue. For this reason don’t expect geoengineering of the skies to end anytime soon; and they won’t admit they’re doing it until they’ve secured a good excuse for doing it. That excuse will be “global warming”.

They need these programs fully running to get their new world order. The plans are central to controlling the weather, manipulating the environment for political and financial gain and engineering drought to control food and water supply, thus controlling population among other reasons.

The globalist controllers are saving geoengineering so they can roll it out as the “solution” to global warming. This very likely was the plan all along. The process goes something like this … Problem: Global warming – Reaction: to emotional stimulators like the polar bears, ice capsule melting, human extinction stories – Solution: Spray the planet with metal particles every day.

4 – ISIS psyop

The recent Mosul-style “takeover” of Ramadi in Iraq by ISIS is another example of how ISIS, who gets exclusive image-glorifying public relations from the U.S. mainstream media, is portrayed as an invisible, lucky, superior fighting force who can only be stopped using tactics that move the PNAC plans forward.

In a recent TV appearance endorsing the ISIS psyop, CIA front mouthpiece Colonel Anthony Shaffer stuttered his way through an interview explaining exactly how ISIS conveniently took over Ramadi with striking coincidence due to “sandstorm” issues. He also then explains how ISIS is now crawling all over Afghanistan and needs to be stopped there, too. Let’s see – Iraq, Syria, Yemen, Afghanistan –  isn’t it convenient how ISIS only shows up in PNAC-approved countries where the U.S. needs to expand their occupation and/or lost influence? Shaffer also rambles on telling you what ISIS is thinking, detailing their victories (problem, reaction) then telling us how the “solution” is with selecting WHO gets to fight ISIS, that being ONLY the Kurds. Shaffer declares that Iraq and the Iraqi army is “gone”. The idea of having a sovereign official Army (whether Iraqi, Iranian or any other) seems to be a big threat to the globalist plans.

Let’s not forget the global ISIS super fighting machine recently was said to be in Mexico and showing up in Texas and California in information gathered via “chatter”. This is just another reminder of the super human powers ISIS has, just in case anyone has forgotten.

Fact is that ISIS is the perfect tool to advance literally every single component of the new world order plans. They are a huge ace in the hole for the globalists to be used throughout the Middle East and domestically with the help of Intelligence-Mainstream media coordinated reports to keep the domestic threat of terror alive in the minds of the masses, thus justifying the police state and more surveillance and tyranny, all the while CIA’s and Mossad’s ISIS cruise on right along helping nail down the PNAC plans for the Zionists and Western U.S. NATO alliance.

5 – Secret global trade agreements

All global trade agreements are quietly looming in the background as critical components of the new world order. The Trans Pacific Partnership (TPP) agreement for one (and other similar agreements) are all top-secret global corporate agreements that transcend and undermine sovereign governments and impose their will on the individual, and they are powerful tools for the new world order plans. Is anyone not seeing this? When it’s all said and done the controllers wish to forcibly impose secret business-to-government agreements on the “useless eaters” and once and for all throw the Constitution and national sovereignty in the trash can where they feel it belongs. They’ve been working on this for some time and they will continue hammering away at this until it happens. Like the constantly morphing anti-Internet freedom legislation (SOPA and CISPA) TPP will, if necessary, reappear and reshape itself in many ways until they can find a way of ramming it into legislation. The other thing about these trade agreements is that they will relate to Internet censorship and many other issues.

6 – Debt-based dollar fraud

Another huge ongoing fraud critical to the one world government enslavement system is the money system itself. Think of how quickly globalist plans would fall apart if everyone realized how money works. Most people have no idea that the U.S. dollar is nothing more than an IOU. They have no idea how the Federal Reserve came into being and they have no clue that the Federal Reserve is a private corporation with no authority whatsoever to print money on behalf of the United States government. The entire debt-based dollar system is based on lies, fraud, and deceit. Due to this hidden knowledge about money, people feel threatened when they begin to research it or call it out for what it is – possibly the greatest fraud perpetrated on the American people.

7 – Lobbyist-to-law cycle

Everyone should be aware of how money from large corporations and individuals goes to paying lobbyists who then make sure the politicians go along with the wishes of the person (who is funding the lobbyist). This simple cycle of money corruption speaks for itself and should be enough to wake up Americans to say no once and for all to political corruption and start taking back their voices. This lobbyist-to-law cycle not only ensures that the laws that get passed are laws representing the wishes of the lobbyists, but even more importantly it ensures that the average American has no voice whatsoever. Without this important corrupt cycle in place too many morally sound and justified laws representing the will of the people would get through. Then, before you know it, the globalist new world order plans would begin to burn out by necessity. For this reason the lobbyist-to-law cycle remains a key component for achieving the new world order plans.

8 – Left-Right paradigm

The ongoing Left-Right paradigm is another quiet ace in the hole. It’s the large part of the script upon  which the globalist success depends. That’s right, voter ignorance is actually driving the new world order plans. Millions of Americans still follow Hillary, Jeb Bush, Rand Paul and the rest of the bought-out political stooges whose loyalties are to the companies putting money in their pockets. Sadly, millions of Americans did not learn their lesson from the Bush and Obama years which fit each other perfectly. Despite the clear continuity of lies, war expansion, false flags, and loss of liberties between the last two criminal administrations, it’s difficult to imagine that anyone actually believes there is a difference between Left and Right, Democrats and Republicans. Without the ability of the control system to maintain the illusion of choice between two parties which serve the exact same master, the new world order control plans would fall apart overnight.

9 – CIA’s mainstream media

Information is everything. No CIA-controlled mainstream media means no support of any wars by Americans. No one would believe any false flags, and all political stories would fall on deaf ears. Human consciousness would thrive. A life without mainstream media would warrant a topic of its own. Suffice to say, CIA’s mainstream media is potentially the lifeline of the entire new world order and future control of all humanity. It is the very matrix by which the globalists exert their influence, deception and control over humanity. It is the radio signal feeding your brain the next episode of mind control, the next psyop, the next lie. The history of media and its use as a mind control tool is well established, and for that reason mainstream mass media is another must-have tool for the advancement of the globalist new world order plans. Unfortunately for them, less and less people today are watching TV so they are being forced to keep up with the times by broadening their reach with other technologies.

10 – Entertainment distraction

Finally, none of the above would ever come to pass were it not for the forever valuable, forever reliable (if you are the globalists) entertainment distraction. That’s right, if you remove entertainment the control system would be overwhelmed with opposition. Too many people would be awakened – acts of kindness not seen on TV might abound. People might actually have enough time to research things, to care, to educate themselves. The globalists have stated that a well educated critical thinking public is a threat to their plan. This last super important tool ensures that everything goes as planned, for now.

Solutions

Let’s make a mental note of these critically important tools without which there will be no new world order. Thankfully, all of this information is known to many who are awakened. This information is spreading, and when enough people get together and act the game will be over for the globalists. Watch the news stories every day and see how they are using and feeding into these 10 tools every day. That’s because they need these tools for survival. That’s right. To the globalist controllers these 10 tools are a matter of life and death. So let’s keep pushing to expose these critical issues because, to truth seekers, stopping these globalist tools is also a matter of life and death.

Bernie is a revolutionary writer with a background in medicine, psychology, and information technology. He has written numerous articles over the years about freedom, government corruption and conspiracies, and solutions. A former host of the 9/11 Freefall radio show, Bernie is also the creator of the Truth and Art TV project where he shares articles and videos about issues that raise our consciousness and offer solutions to our current problems. His efforts are designed to encourage others to joyfully stand for truth, to expose government tactics of propaganda, fear and deception, and to address the psychology of dealing with the rising new world order. He is also a former U.S. Marine who believes it is our duty to stand for and defend the U.S. Constitution against all enemies foreign and domestic. A peace activist, he believes information and awareness is the first step toward being free from enslavement from the globalist control system which now threatens humanity. He believes love conquers all fear and it is up to each and every one of us to manifest the solutions and the change that you want to see in this world, because doing this is the very thing that will ensure victory and restoration of the human race from the rising global enslavement system, and will offer hope to future generations.  

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A Handbook for Ranch ManagersA Handbook for Ranch Managers.  In keeping with the “holistic” idea that the land, the livestock, the people and the money should be viewed as a single integrated whole: Part I deals with the management of the natural resources. Part II covers livestock production and Part III deals with the people and the money. Not only would this book make an excellent basic text for a university program in Ranch Management, no professional ranch manager’s reference bookshelf should be without it. It is a comprehensive reference manual for managing the working ranch. The information in the appendices and extensive bibliography alone is worth the price of the book.

You might be interested in this books supplement: Planned Grazing: A Study Guide and Reference Manual.

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EPA poised to issue landmark water regulations


1402793202000-DFP-EPA-water-rulesJPG

A Handbook for Ranch ManagersThe Obama administration is about to unveil an ambitious — and hotly disputed — plan to strengthen its authority over minor water bodies like wetlands, streams and ponds.
check this out:

Planned Grazing: A Study Guide and Reference ManualThe Environmental Protection Agency’s (EPA) “waters of the United States” regulation, expected to be issued in the coming days, has become one of the most controversial environmental regulations of the Obama presidency, with some of the strongest lobbying forces in Washington staking out positions.

Environmental & Natural Resource Economics: The Austrian ViewThe rule dubbed WOTUS in environmental and business circles could indelibly change how the federal government fights pollution and protects water for drinking, navigation, wildlife and other uses under the 1972 Clean Water Act.

  Combat Shooter's HandbookReconnaissance Marine MCI 03.32f: Marine Corps InstituteThe Betrayed: On Warriors, Cowboys and Other Misfits

The Essence of Liberty: Volume I: Liberty and History: The Rise and Fall of the Noble Experiment with Constitutionally Limited Government (Liberty and ... Limited Government) (Volume 1)  The Essence of Liberty: Volume II: The Economics of Liberty (Volume 2) The Essence of Liberty: Volume III: A Universal Philosophy of Political Economy (Liberty: A Universal Political Ethic) (Volume 3)

Environmental & Natural Resource Economics: The Austrian View

edited by

Dr Jimmy T (Gunny) LaBaume

Is now available in both PAPERBACK and Kindle

BookCoverImageMurray N. Rothbard was the father of what some call Radical Libertarianism or Anarcho-Capitalism which Hans-Hermann Hoppe described as “Rothbard’s unique contribution to the rediscovery of property and property rights as the common foundation of both economics and political philosophy, and the systematic reconstruction and conceptual integration of modern, marginalist economics and natural-law political philosophy into a unified moral science: libertarianism.”

This book applies the principles of this “unified moral science” to environmental and natural resource management issues.

The book started out life as an assigned reading list for a university level course entitled Environmental and Natural Resource Economics: The Austrian View.

As I began to prepare to teach the course, I quickly saw that there was a plethora of textbooks suitable for universal level courses dealing with environmental and natural resource economics. The only problem was that they were all based in mainstream neo-classical (or Keynesian) theory. I could find no single collection of material comprising a comprehensive treatment of environmental and natural resource economics based on Austrian Economic Theory.

However, I was able to find a large number of essays, monographs, papers delivered at professional meetings and published from a multitude of sources. This book is the result. It is composed of a collection of research reports and essays by reputable scientists, economists, and legal experts as well as private property and free market activists.

The book is organized into seven parts: I. Environmentalism: The New State Religion; II. The New State Religion Debunked; III. Introduction to Environmental and Natural Resource Economics; IV. Interventionism: Law and Regulation; V. Pollution and Recycling; VI. Property Rights: Planning, Zoning and Eminent Domain; and VII. Free Market Conservation. It also includes an elaborate Bibliography, References and Recommended Reading section including an extensive Annotated Bibliography of related and works on the subject.

The intellectual level of the individual works ranges from quite scholarly to informed editorial opinion.

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Hey Grimes, what’s up dude?

Almost since day 1, it has always been a tradition at FlyoverPress to republish “Hey Grimes” each Memorial Day. Gary Lynn Grimes was a pure and honorable man. His story is tragic but, more than that, it is representative of a generation betrayed.  

Notice that the original was written in 2002—during the Slick Willie days. In the next to the last paragraph, I lament the (then) current condition in America. Can it possibly deteriorate in the next as many years as much as it has deteriorated in the last? Is this what Grimes died for?

Y’all have a safe and fun Memorial Day weekend and, if you speak with the Supreme Commandant, don’t forget to put in a word for me and old Grimes. – jtl, 419

by Dr Jimmy T (Gunny) LaBaume

19 Nov 02

We few, we happy few, we band of brothers; For he today that sheds his blood with me Shall be my brother. Shakespeare, Henry IV, Act IV, Scene 3

Hey Grimes, what’s up? How are things going for you up there in Valhalla? With Memorial Day coming, I thought I’d drop you a line. I don’t talk about it much, but there has not been a single day in over 32 years that I haven’t thought about you.

I remember the first time we met. It was in Staging Battalion at Camp Pendleton. At the ripe old age of 24, I was a good deal older than average. You’ve heard of the generation gap? Well, I was the gap. I had little in common with the guys of my rank, with whom I was allowed to socialize. But, although you were still very young, you were different–an enthusiastic, bubbling, peached faced kid from Amarillo, TX. Remember our big plans for me to teach you to ride bulls and bareback horses when we got back to the world?

Boy, what a couple of dreamers!

When we got in country, you went to 5th Marines and I went to 2nd Battalion, 11th Marines. Since my Battalion and your Regimental Headquarters were both at An Hoa, we had several chances to see each other and renew our friendship. Any time that you were there, you always made a point of finding me, as I did you when I would pass through.

I’ll never forget the last time I saw you. It was about a month before we were due to rotate. You had been out with a CAP unit and showed up at my hooch wearing a flight suit and sporting a 45 in a shoulder holster. I didn’t ask where you got the flight suit and shoulder holster–just figured that you had traded some air-winger an AK (or something) for them. I’ll never forget the last conversation we had.

“Hey Grimes, what’s up dude?”

“Man, I’m being MedEvaced to Japan!”

I checked you out. You seemed to have all your appendages and didn’t seem to have any extra holes. “MedEvaced? What for?”

“Man, I’m eat up with parasites.”

“Parasites! Man that’s great!!! By the time they get you to Japan and get you cleaned up, it’ll be time to rotate.”

We knew that you had it made so we celebrated. As I recall, we snuck out into Duc Duc and captured a couple of liters of Gook banana rum. What a night! The next morning I sent you off. “See ya back in the world dude!”

When rotation day came and I got on the freedom bird, I was fully expecting to see you in a few days. The first morning back on Okinawa, I ran into Piasaki. Remember him? He was a mutual friend that had gone through Staging Battalion with us. That’s another conversation I’ll never forget.

“Hey man, did you know that Grimes is dead?”

“Naw, bullshit, Grimes ain’t dead.”

“Yea, he is too.”

“No he ain’t. I saw him less than a month ago and he was being MedEvaced to Japan.”

“I’m telling you he’s dead. I kicked his body the next morning. I was part of the relief force that got too them right after daylight. The VC overran his CAP unit and killed them all. It looked like Grimes had been one of the last left fighting. He had about 30 AK rounds point blank in his chest.”

I refused to believe it. I just came home and tried to bury it. I never made any attempt to contact you or your family–guess I didn’t want to believe it. Then finally, in 1983, I went to the wall and there you were—Panel 09W, Line 52, Gary Lynn Grimes. Born 01 June 1949 in Amarillo, Texas. Died 13 June 1970 in Quang Nam, South Vietnam. I cried.

It has only been just recently that I located your family. They are still in Amarillo and, from what little I know, seem to be doing well. Although I have your parents’ and brother’s addresses and phone numbers, I have still made no attempt to contact any of them. That is a wrong that terribly needs to be righted and, I promise, I will…someday…

As far as what’s going on in the world, you wouldn’t believe what they’ve done to our country. Remember all those greasy headed hippies that we used to hate so much? Well, they’re all grown up now and are in control of all our major institutions and all levels of government—everything from Congress to law enforcement to the public schools. Hell, one of them even became President. They are stealing our property, murdering our citizens, and generally making a mockery out of the Constitution—all under the color of law. What a mess! Oh well, hopefully, there’ll be plenty of time to fill you in on the details of all that later.

So, how’s it going for you? I suspect that promotions come pretty slow up there–after all, you are amongst the cream of the cream. But, knowing you, I’d bet that you are at least a Battalion Sergeant Major by now. When the Supreme Commandant decides to cut me a new set of orders, I’m hoping He’ll consider me worthy of joining you. Maybe you’ll have room for a good Company First Sergeant in your outfit.

Hope to see you up there dude!

Semper Fi

LaBaume, Jimmy T, Cpl USMC

The Essence of Liberty: Volume I: Liberty and History: The Rise and Fall of the Noble Experiment with Constitutionally Limited Government (Liberty and ... Limited Government) (Volume 1)The Essence of Liberty Volume I: Liberty and History chronicles the rise and fall of the noble experiment with constitutionally limited government. It features the ideas and opinions of some of the world’s foremost contemporary constitutional scholars. This is history that you were not taught at the mandatory government propaganda camps otherwise known as “public schools.” You will gain a clear understanding of how America’s decline and decay is really nothing new and how it began almost immediately with the constitution. Available in both paperback and Kindle versions.

The Essence of Liberty: Volume II (The Economics of Liberty)The Essence of Liberty Volume II: The Economics of Liberty Volume II will introduce the reader to the fundamental principles of the Austrian School of Economics. The Austrian School traces its origins back to the Scholastics of Medieval Spain. But its lineage actually began with Carl Menger and continued on through Adam Smith, Ludwig von Mises, Murray Rothbard and many others. It is the one and only true private property based, free market line of economic thought. Available in both paperback and Kindle versions.

The Essence of Liberty: Volume III: A Universal Philosophy of Political Economy (Liberty: A Universal Political Ethic) (Volume 3)The Essence of Liberty Volume III: Liberty: A Universal Political Ethic. This is the volume that pulls it all together. With reference to Hans-Hermann Hoppe’s description of Murray Rothbard’s work, it is a “unique contribution to the rediscovery of property and property rights as the common foundation of both economics and political philosophy, and the systematic reconstruction and conceptual integration of modern, marginalist economics and natural-law political philosophy into a unified moral science: libertarianism.” Available in both paperback and Kindle versions.

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Your Government-Approved Diet May Kill You

 By the end of the book, it seemed very clear that almost everything Uncle Sam told us about the “dangers” of saturated fat is completely wrong. That being said, it is past time to demolish the USDA food guide pyramid. Let Teicholz’s exposé serve as a warning when political crusaders and their bureaucratic allies are allowed to force top-down solutions on everyone without ever having to face accountability for their mistakes no matter how egregious.

A Handbook for Ranch Managers  I have a better idea. Instead of just demolishing the USDA food guide pyramid, we should abolish the entire USDA (and the FDA while we are at it). That would be the best thing to ever happen to human health and well being in general and American Agriculture in particular. — jtl, 419

Planned Grazing: A Study Guide and Reference Manualby via the Mises Institute

Is there a greater tragedy imaginable than that, in our endeavour consciously to shape our future in accordance with high ideals, we should in fact unwittingly produce the very opposite of what we have been striving for? — F. A. Hayek

Environmental & Natural Resource Economics: The Austrian ViewMost of us “know” that eating too much saturated fat (which includes red meat, dairy products, and eggs) raises our cholesterol levels and puts us at risk for heart disease. While we’re at it, we should greatly cut down on the salt too. These lessons are reinforced in our health classes and what the media has been telling us for decades. After all, this is the consensus reflected in the “Dietary Guidelines for Americans” issued by the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) and backed up by allegedly solid, objective science from the National Institutes of Health (NIH). As extra reassurance, the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) will use its regulatory authority to crack down on trans fats, the worst villain of them all.

Combat Shooter's HandbookReconnaissance Marine MCI 03.32f: Marine Corps InstituteThe Betrayed: On Warriors, Cowboys and Other MisfitsDespite the appearance of a seemingly united front in the war on obesity, sharp dissent over sound nutrition policy is silently bubbling beneath the surface. It may be a sign of the times that fundamental challenges have come to the forefront and are becoming increasingly accepted. Growing numbers of scientists are expressing public skepticism toward the federal government’s official low-salt guidelines. Back in February of this year, the government’s top nutrition panel withdrew its nearly forty-year-old warning on restricting cholesterol intake and grudgingly concluded that “available evidence shows no appreciable relationship between consumption of dietary cholesterol and [blood] cholesterol.”

The Health Consensus Unravels

In one of the Wall Street Journal’s top-shared op-eds of 2014, investigative journalist Nina Teicholz threw down the gauntlet on the mainstream diet guidelines on fat:

“Saturated fat does not cause heart disease” — or so concluded a big study published in March in the journal Annals of Internal Medicine. How could this be? The very cornerstone of dietary advice for generations has been that the saturated fats in butter, cheese and red meat should be avoided because they clog our arteries. For many diet-conscious Americans, it is simply second nature to opt for chicken over sirloin, canola oil over butter.

The new study’s conclusion shouldn’t surprise anyone familiar with modern nutritional science, however. The fact is, there has never been solid evidence for the idea that these fats cause disease. We only believe this to be the case because nutrition policy has been derailed over the past half-century by a mixture of personal ambition, bad science, politics and bias.

Teicholz elaborates upon her thesis in her eye-opening, best-selling book The Big Fat Surprise: Why Butter, Meat and Cheese Belong in a Healthy Diet. With over 100 pages of footnotes and an extensive bibliography, it is clear that Teicholz has done her homework. In her nine-year investigation, she extensively reviewed the scientific literature and interviewed many of the key personalities in government, private industry, and advocacy groups who played influential roles in crafting official nutrition policy. While many people might be tempted to blame “the nefarious interests of Big Food,” Teicholz came to discover that the “source of the our misguided diet advice … seems to have been driven by experts at some of our most trusted institutions working towards what they believed to be the public good.”

The Rise of the Government Expert

Civic-minded Americans are generally familiar with Dwight D. Eisenhower’s famous warning in his farewell address to “guard against the acquisition of unwarranted influence … by the military-industrial complex.” Yet, there is another passage that deserves equal if not greater attention. Against the backdrop of the Cold War, numerous intellectuals were conscripted to become part of Leviathan, silencing their proper roles as critics of power:

Today, the solitary inventor, tinkering in his shop, has been overshadowed by task forces of scientists in laboratories and testing fields. In the same fashion, the free university, historically the fountainhead of free ideas and scientific discovery, has experienced a revolution in the conduct of research. Partly because of the huge costs involved, a government contract becomes virtually a substitute for intellectual curiosity. … The prospect of domination of the nation’s scholars by Federal employment, project allocations, and the power of money is ever present — and is gravely to be regarded.

Yet, in holding scientific research and discovery in respect, as we should, we must also be alert to the equal and opposite danger that public policy could itself become the captive of a scientific-technological elite.

There is no better example of “public policy … becom[ing] the captive of a scientific-technological elite” than with what happened with nutrition research and health policy. Ironically, the story of how saturated fat became demonized began in the Eisenhower years. After President Eisenhower suffered a heart attack, Washington policymakers became alarmed by the disease that was suddenly striking the ruling elite. After going into “Do Something!” crisis mode, it wasn’t long before they came under the sway of experts who offered easy answers. One such individual was Dr. Ancel B. Keys, the originator of the hypothesis that saturated fat causes heart disease. Keys went on to exercise perhaps the greatest influence in the “history of nutrition” through professional and personal dominance.

Opponents of the saturated fat–heart disease hypothesis included accomplished scientists George V. Mann and E.H. “Pete” Ahrens, who voiced many legitimate criticisms. But in the end, they were no match for the unprecedented changes rammed through by Keys and his sidekick Jeremiah Stamler. Through their efforts, these two men and their supporters blurred the line between objective scholarship and political advocacy. It wasn’t long before most skeptical nutrition researchers were browbeaten into submission, relegated to sidelines, or otherwise drowned out as the zeitgeist ultimately shifted in favor of Keys’s hypothesis and preferred solutions.

Dogma is a term that is usually associated with fundamentalist religions. But unfortunately, even scientists who are supposedly trained to think critically and independently are not immune to groupthink, the temptations offered by political prestige, and the limits of what’s “acceptable” as dictated by funding. Despite the shortcomings of various studies that appeared to provide a solid scientific backing, the saturated fat–heart disease hypothesis became a dogma when it was formally institutionalized within the US government’s public health bureaucracies. This was thanks to Keys’s relentless advocacy and intimate relations he established with the American Heart Association (AHA). The influence of the AHA over nutrition policy cannot be understated. In fact, the “AHA and NIH were parallel, entwined forces from the start.” As the two main organizations responsible for setting the agenda and distributing millions in funds for cardiovascular research, it was increasingly difficult to “reverse course and entertain other ideas” even as the saturated fat diet–heart disease hypothesis continued to disappoint because it “had become a matter of institutional credibility.”

Congress and “Big Food”

To make matters worse, Congress became directly involved during the 1970s in the question of what the American people ought to eat. Teicholz explained how the Beltway culture allowed for bad ideas to take hold and stay entrenched (as anyone who has worked there can attest to):

With its massive bureaucracies and obedient chains of command, Washington is the very opposite of the kind of place where skepticism — so essential to good science — can survive. When Congress adopted the diet-heart hypothesis, the idea gained ascendancy as an all-ruling, unassailable dogma, and from this point on, there has been virtually no turning back.

Big Food manufacturers and lobbyists descended onto Washington and set up the Nutrition Foundation to funnel millions into research and thus were “able to influence scientific opinion as it was being formed.” Not surprisingly, “the promotion of carbohydrate-based foods such as cereals, breads, crackers, and chips, was exactly the kind of dietary advice large food companies favored.” These foods ended up receiving glowing endorsements from the official government nutrition elite. Despite what some might expect, meat and dairy interests’ lobbying efforts paled in comparison. Carbs and polyunsaturated fats (vegetable oils) were overwhelmingly favored over saturated fats. Consumption of red meat became increasingly demonized as new studies highlighted supposedly detrimental health consequences. Left-wing environmental movements also picked up steam during this time. In the name of “sustainability,” these campaigns and their advocates urged the reduction if not the complete elimination of meat from one’s diet.

The Data Doesn’t Say What Congress Thinks it Says

Throughout the book, Teicholz reviews the scientific literature by critically examining the hard data, not abstracts or executive summaries (the only sections most policymakers and researchers alike will ever read), and repeatedly points out various methodological flaws and limitations. In particular, she takes care to emphasize that epidemiological studies can show only an association between two elements, but “could not establish any casual connection.” Only clinical trials in carefully controlled settings could establish cause. Shockingly, almost all the early studies that were cited to support Keys’s hypothesis were epidemiological. The famous Seven Countries Study directed by Keys himself was an epidemiological study that appeared to show a strong correlation between consumption of saturated fat and heart disease deaths across international populations. Teicholz pointed out many confounding variables such as the fact that Keys examined the Mediterranean region in the aftermath of World War II. During this period, people were impoverished and ate abnormal diets. In addition, Teicholz revealed that Keys conducted some of his surveys during Lent (no meat for the faithful!) along with some other egregious examples of cherry-picking to fit his preferred narrative. Other prominent studies all suffered from similar defects. The Framingham Heart Study originally announced that high total cholesterol was a reliable predictor for heart disease, but a follow-up study thirty years later called those results into question.The Israeli Civil Service Study mentioned worshiping God lowered the risk of a having heart attack! Even with their weaknesses, these studies were repeatedly cited and the idea that saturated fat leads to heart disease continued to build into conventional wisdom.

Having studied anthropology, I was delighted that Teicholz highlighted glaring “paradoxes” by digging out several examples of indigenous populations that ate almost all meat and animal fat such as the Inuit and the Masai yet had virtually no recorded cases of heart disease, obesity, or any of the chronic diseases of Western civilization (that is until they added sugar and refined carbs to their diet). In her analyses of the clinical trials meant to establish cause and effect, she noted a disturbing caveat that came up repeatedly but was often buried: namely, following low-saturated fat diets did not extend overall lifespan. Speaking of clinical trials, it is worth mentioning the Women’s Health Initiative (WHI), which enrolled 49,000 women in 1993 and aimed to validate the benefits of a low-fat diet once and for all. Here are the final disappointing results as summarized by Teicholz:

[A]fter a decade of eating more fruits, vegetables, and whole grains while cutting back on meat and fat, these women not only failed to lose weight, but they also did not see any significant reduction in their risk for either heart disease or cancer of any major kind. WHI was the largest and longest trial ever of the low-fat diet, and the results indicated that the diet had quite simply failed.

As Teicholz moved toward the present day state of affairs, she cites the work of award-winning science journalist Gary Taubes and a few brave, unorthodox researchers including Stephen D. Finney and Jeff S. Volek, who challenged the taboo against red meat and fat. Thanks to high-profile pieces in Science and the New York Times as well as a comprehensive book, Good Calories, Bad Calories, Taubes was more responsible than anyone in reopening the debate that carbohydrates, not fat, are the drivers of obesity and other chronic diseases. Even as more people today become aware of the deleterious effects from consuming high amounts of refined carbs and sugars, the permanent damage has been done thanks to the long-standing bias toward the saturated fat–heart disease hypothesis. Official policymakers embraced this view, advocacy groups added fuel to the fire, and restaurants and cafeterias altered their menus. Millions of Americans changed their eating patterns and avoided meat, cheese, milk, cream, and butter. In the end, the results are not pretty:

Measured just by death and disease, and not including the millions of lives derailed by excess weight and obesity, it’s very possible that the course of nutrition advice over the past sixty years has taken an unparalleled toll on human history. It now appears that since 1961, the entire American population has, indeed, been subjected to a mass experiment, and the results have clearly been a failure. Every reliable indicator of good health is worsened by a low-fat diet. … Despite more than two billion dollars in public money spent trying to prove that lowering saturated fat will prevent heart attacks, the diet-heart hypothesis has not held up.

By the end of the book, it seemed very clear that almost everything Uncle Sam told us about the “dangers” of saturated fat is completely wrong. That being said, it is past time to demolish the USDA food guide pyramid. Let Teicholz’s exposé serve as a warning when political crusaders and their bureaucratic allies are allowed to force top-down solutions on everyone without ever having to face accountability for their mistakes no matter how egregious.

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Planned Grazing: A Study Guide and Reference ManualPlanned Grazing: A Study Guide and Reference Manual. This is the ideal squeal to A Handbook for Ranch Managers.  Although the ecological principles remain the same, what was originally known as “The Savory Grazing Method” now answers to a multitude of different names: ranching for profit, holistic management, managed grazing, mob grazing, management intensive grazing, etc. Land & Livestock International, Inc. uses “Restoration Grazing” under its “Managing the Ranch as a Business” program.” No mater what you call it, this summary and synopsis will guide you step by step through the process and teach you how to use it as it was originally intended. No more excuses for failing to complete your grazing plans.

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