After mistrial declared for 4 defendants, Bundy supporters say case far from over

 Supporter Doug Knowles calls the system rigged. He said he believes the government is pushing for a plea bargain.

Just like everything else ran by the government, there is no incentive for economic efficiency or professionalism nor is there any penalty for incompetence or malfeasance. And also just like anything else ran by the government, the court system should be abolished. — jtl, 419

by Denise Rosch via News 3 LV

LAS VEGAS (KSNV News3LV) — Seven weeks of testimony. Five days of deliberations. Two convictions. Four mistrials.

Supporters of the Bundy 6 know the case is far from over.

“I don’t think there was a case here all along,” said Bundy supporter John Lamb.

Monday morning delivered a partial verdict. Gregory Burleson was found guilty on eight of 10 counts related to the 2014 standoff in Bunkerville, including assaulting a federal officer. Co-defendant Todd Engel convicted of two of the 10 counts including obstruction.

But from there, deliberations seem to fall apart. The jury deadlocked on all charges against four other defendants.

“It’s a win whenever you get a hung jury in federal court,” said Todd Leventhal, who represents Scott Drexler. “For defense attorneys, it’s a win.

“I just spoke with the jurors, and they had a lot of opinions on what they liked and didn’t like,” Leventhal said. “They thought the government came in with too much evidence; they didn’t believe all their witnesses.”

According to the government, each of the men charged had pointed a firearm at federal agents, conspiring with Cliven Bundy to stop the roundup of his cattle that the Bureau of Land Management maintained were illegally grazing on federal land.

Monday’s mistrial means prosecutors will try the case again. The re-trials are scheduled to begin June 26 — the same date that the trial against Bundy and two of his sons was set to begin.

Supporter Doug Knowles calls the system rigged. He said he believes the government is pushing for a plea bargain.

“These boys have been in jail a year, and they still haven’t been convicted,” Knowles said.

Land and Livestock International, Inc. is in a position to assist the buyer in purchasing ranches like these anywhere in the Western United States and Northern Mexico. Pre – purchase services include help with due diligence, estimates of carrying capacity and potential for improvement, cash flow projections, etc. Post purchase services include everything from part time consulting to complete turn-key management.

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Dripping Springs
Mule Creek, Grant County, New Mexico

The Dripping Springs Ranch is a highly improved working cattle ranch in a very desirable part of southwest New Mexico. Access to the Ranch from State Route 78 is excellent, and it is an easy drive to either Silver City, N. or Safford, Az. 232 deeded acres, 13,000 USFS acres, 150 AU. $2,500,000

Walking L Ranch
Wickenburg, Yavapai County

The Walking L Ranch’s 52+ square miles adjoin Wickenburg from the Hassayamapa River into the Wickenburg Mountains. The ranch originally consisted of the 10X Ranch on the south end and the Rincon Ranch on the north end.  The old Rincon Dude Ranch was added to the ranch’s Headquarters by the current owner. The ranch’s land tenure consists of deeded land, State and BLM Grazing Leases.  Topography is rolling to steep with elevation’s ranging from 2,100’ along the river to over 2,700’ on San Domingo Peak.  The ranch borders US 60 on the south side of Wickenburg.  The ranch’s deeded land is in seven non-contiguous parcels throughout the ranch.  The headquarters consists of 110.88 deeded acres on Rincon Road and the Hassayampa River with approximately 30 acres irrigated.  Another headquarters for the 10X is on the state lease. $5,000,000

Dos S Inholding
Fountain Hills, Maricopa County

The Dos S is a 22.78 acre private inholding surrounded by Tonto National Forest on Sycamore Creek.  It is located just off the Beeline Highway behind a locked gate 20 miles from the Shea Boulevard & Highway 87 intersection at Fountain Hills.  Payson is 40 miles to the north. $1,025,100

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Actually, Raising Beef Is Good for the Planet

The bovine’s most striking attribute is that it can live on a simple diet of grass, which it forages for itself. And for protecting land, water, soil and climate, there is nothing better than dense grass. As we consider the long-term prospects for feeding the human race, cattle will rightly remain an essential element.

A Handbook for Ranch ManagersWell, now at least we know that there are a few leaf eaters (and other forms of enviro-wacko) who can be convinced of the error in their ways. — jtl, 419

Planned Grazing: A Study Guide and Reference ManualPeople who advocate eating less beef often argue that producing it hurts the environment. Cattle, we are told, have an outsize ecological footprint: They guzzle water, trample plants and soils, and consume precious grains that should be nourishing hungry humans. Lately, critics have blamed bovine burps, flatulence and even breath for climate change.

Environmental & Natural Resource Economics: The Austrian ViewAs a longtime vegetarian and environmental lawyer, I once bought into these claims. But now, after more than a decade of living and working in the business—my husband, Bill, founded Niman Ranch but left the company in 2007, and we now have a grass-fed beef company—I’ve come to the opposite view. It isn’t just that the alarm over the environmental effects of beef are overstated. It’s that raising beef cattle, especially on grass, is an environmental gain for the planet.

Combat Shooter's Handbook Let’s start with climate change. According to the Environmental Protection Agency, all of U.S. agriculture accounts for just 8% of our greenhouse emissions, with by far the largest share owing to soil management—that is, crop farming. A Union of Concerned Scientists report concluded that about 2% of U.S. greenhouse gases can be linked to cattle and that good management would diminish it further. The primary concern is methane, a potent greenhouse gas.

Reconnaissance Marine MCI 03.32f: Marine Corps InstituteBut methane from cattle, now under vigorous study by agricultural colleges around the world, can be mitigated in several ways. Australian research shows that certain nutritional supplements can cut methane from cattle by half. Things as intuitive as good pasture management and as obscure as robust dung beetle populations have all been shown to reduce methane.

The Betrayed: On Warriors, Cowboys and Other MisfitsAt the same time, cattle are key to the world’s most promising strategy to counter global warming: restoring carbon to the soil. One-tenth of all human-caused carbon emissions since 1850 have come from soil, according to ecologist Richard Houghton of the Woods Hole Research Center. This is due to tillage, which releases carbon and strips the earth of protective vegetation, and to farming practices that fail to return nutrients and organic matter to the earth. Plant-covered land that is never plowed is ideal for recapturing carbon through photosynthesis and for holding it in stable forms.

The Essence of Liberty: Volume I: Liberty and History: The Rise and Fall of the Noble Experiment with Constitutionally Limited Government (Liberty and ... Limited Government) (Volume 1)  The Essence of Liberty: Volume II: The Economics of Liberty (Volume 2) The Essence of Liberty: Volume III: A Universal Philosophy of Political Economy (Liberty: A Universal Political Ethic) (Volume 3)Most of the world’s beef cattle are raised on grass. Their pruning mouths stimulate vegetative growth as their trampling hoofs and digestive tracts foster seed germination and nutrient recycling. These beneficial disturbances, like those once caused by wild grazing herds, prevent the encroachment of woody shrubs and are necessary for the functioning of grassland ecosystems.

Research by the Soil Association in the U.K. shows that if cattle are raised primarily on grass and if good farming practices are followed, enough carbon could be sequestered to offset the methane emissions of all U.K. beef cattle and half its dairy herd. Similarly, in the U.S., the Union of Concerned Scientists estimates that as much as 2% of all greenhouse gases (slightly less than what’s attributed to cattle) could be eliminated by sequestering carbon in the soils of grazing operations.

Grass is also one of the best ways to generate and safeguard soil and to protect water. Grass blades shield soil from erosive wind and water, while its roots form a mat that holds soil and water in place. Soil experts have found that erosion rates from conventionally tilled agricultural fields average one to two orders of magnitude greater than erosion under native vegetation, such as what’s typically found on well-managed grazing lands.

Nor are cattle voracious consumers of water. Some environmental critics of cattle assert that 2,500 gallons of water are required for every pound of beef. But this figure (or the even higher ones often cited by advocates of veganism) are based on the most water-intensive situations. Research at the University of California, Davis, shows that producing a typical pound of U.S. beef takes about 441 gallons of water per pound—only slightly more water than for a pound of rice—and beef is far more nutritious.

Eating beef also stands accused of aggravating world hunger. This is ironic since a billion of the world’s poorest people depend on livestock. Most of the world’s cattle live on land that cannot be used for crop cultivation, and in the U.S., 85% of the land grazed by cattle cannot be farmed, according to the U.S. Beef Board.

The bovine’s most striking attribute is that it can live on a simple diet of grass, which it forages for itself. And for protecting land, water, soil and climate, there is nothing better than dense grass. As we consider the long-term prospects for feeding the human race, cattle will rightly remain an essential element.



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Planned Grazing: A Study Guide and Reference ManualPlanned Grazing: A Study Guide and Reference Manual. This is the ideal squeal to A Handbook for Ranch Managers.  Although the ecological principles remain the same, what was originally known as “The Savory Grazing Method” now answers to a multitude of different names: ranching for profit, holistic management, managed grazing, mob grazing, management intensive grazing, etc. Land & Livestock International, Inc. uses “Restoration Grazing” under its “Managing the Ranch as a Business” program.” No mater what you call it, this summary and synopsis will guide you step by step through the process and teach you how to use it as it was originally intended. No more excuses for failing to complete your grazing plans.

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Mr. Libertarian

A great article that answers some of the critical questions always asked by those new to the idea of a “stateless” society. — jtl, 419

“If (every form of government known to man has) failed what would you put in its place? What is the ideal society? ,,, How would law and order be provided in this society? How would your ideal justice system work?

Source: Mr. Libertarian

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Passed along by Al Benson Jr. Thanks Al.

If you love this land and its people as I do, this will be hard to watch–but worth the time and effort. — jtl, 419

A Handbook for Ranch Managers Planned Grazing: A Study Guide and Reference Manual Environmental & Natural Resource Economics: The Austrian View  Reconnaissance Marine MCI 03.32f: Marine Corps Institute The Betrayed: On Warriors, Cowboys and Other Misfits Combat Shooter's Handbook 

The Essence of Liberty: Volume I: Liberty and History: The Rise and Fall of the Noble Experiment with Constitutionally Limited Government (Liberty and ... Limited Government) (Volume 1)  The Essence of Liberty: Volume II: The Economics of Liberty (Volume 2) The Essence of Liberty: Volume III: A Universal Philosophy of Political Economy (Liberty: A Universal Political Ethic) (Volume 3)   


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A Handbook for Ranch ManagersA Handbook for Ranch Managers.  In keeping with the “holistic” idea that the land, the livestock, the people and the money should be viewed as a single integrated whole: Part I deals with the management of the natural resources. Part II covers livestock production and Part III deals with the people and the money. Not only would this book make an excellent basic text for a university program in Ranch Management, no professional ranch manager’s reference bookshelf should be without it. It is a comprehensive reference manual for managing the working ranch. The information in the appendices and extensive bibliography alone is worth the price of the book.

You might also be interested in the supplement to this Handbook: Planned Grazing: A Study Guide and Reference Manual.

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Drilling down on carbon sequestration

New 10-year study looks for a more accurate formula to calculate the carbon-swallowing value of native grass

Rule of thumb for determining stocking rate on a ranch going into a planned grazing program from a conventional approach: Take what the NRCS determines to be the “maximum sustained yield” stocking rate and double it. That is only a “place to start.” Very often it ends up being a tripping or quadrupling.

Now THAT is what you call carbon sequestration. Do we do it to “save the world and all the little children?” Absolutely NOT: (I no more believe in anthropological climate change than I believe I can flap my arms and fly.)

We do it because it makes money.  Adam Smith once said, in his “Wealth of Nations, “We each act in our own best interest and, in so doing, we act in the interest of society as a whole.” — jtl, 419
By via the Canadian Cattlemen

Ranchers in all three Prairie provinces are taking part in a decade-long study to assess the cumulative effect of different grazing systems on carbon sequestration and other ecological benefits from a working ranch.

In each province, 10 pastures managed under adaptive multi-paddock (AMP) grazing systems for at least 10 years will be paired with neighbouring pastures where cattle graze continuously or in rotations with only a few moves each growing season. A total of 60 tame and native pastures will be put under the looking glass for a decade.

AMP grazing is a term U.S. researchers use to identify what Canadian producers are more likely to think of as planned grazing, oftentimes involving higher stocking densities with faster moves through many more paddocks than traditional rotational grazing systems.

Participating producers need only manage their pastures as usual, while the research team does the work, explains Dr. Mark Boyce, a conservation biology and wildlife ecology scientist, who will be leading the project with Dr. Edward Bork, a rangeland scientist and Mattheis Chair in rangeland ecology and management, both professors at the University of Alberta.

This summer and next, the team will concentrate on drawing 45 one-metre-deep soil core samples from each site and doing plot measurements, such as plant diversity and plant cover. Soil biology will be analyzed as well as the carbon dioxide flux between the soil and atmosphere. The work will draw to an end with modelling to predict the potential of AMP and continuous grazing to sequester carbon in the various soil, vegetative and climactic settings.

ALUS Canada will communicate the findings when they become available. Funding from the Government of Canada for this project expires March 31, 2021.

Invited to be part of the scientific team are Steve Apfelbaum and Ry Thompson from the consulting firm Applied Ecological Services based in Wisconsin, and Dr. Richard Teague, Texas A&M AgriLife Research, who spoke about U.S. research on regenerative AMP grazing during the joint Western Canadian Holistic Management and Organics Alberta conferences at Lacombe, Alta.

The audience was treated to a screening of “The Luckiest Places on Earth,” a documentary showcasing the U.S. team’s project using the same study design on four Alberta ranches. Funded by Shell Oil Company, this project measured carbon storage among other ecological parameters and found AMP pastures had captured 0.75 to 2.5 tons of carbon per hectare per year more than the nearby continuously grazed pastures.

The documentary by Peter Byck, in collaboration with Arizona State University, features James Cross of Nanton, Tom and Margaret Towers of Red Deer, Tim Hoven of Eckville, and Blake Holtman of Taber. Just click on the Alberta section of the map on the homepage at to view it and then move the pointer to “Saskatchewan” to watch the original 2014 “Soil Carbon Cowboys” documentary with Neil Dennis in Saskatchewan, Gabe Brown in North Dakota, and Allen Williams in Mississippi.

Boyce’s research on six ranches located in the area southeast of Calgary to Taber, indicates native grasslands store carbon at a rate of 1.4 to 2.4 tonnes per hectare per year. A scenario using this storage rate and the current Alberta carbon price of $25 per tonne could translate to a $35 to $60 per hectare payment, encouraging farmers to maintain permanent grassland for its many important ecological values.

“There is evidence that carbon sequestration is best in grassland and we anticipate that better-managed grass will do this better than conventional management,” says Don Campbell, a rancher and long-time holistic management coach from Meadow Lake, Sask., representing producers on the project’s steering committee.

“It’s only right if government is taxing people for putting carbon into the air, then those with the ability to remove it should be paid. We feel that we have a real solution in agriculture because raising the organic matter in soil by one or two per cent can sequester lots of carbon,” Campbell explains.

With the potential to increase soil organic matter, carbon storage year after year across Canada’s vast grazing and crop lands could be unlimited. This could create opportunities for payments from other countries as well for pulling carbon dioxide out of the atmosphere.

“U.S. studies on native grasslands have shown that AMP grazing is very efficient, but we don’t know the extent here in our environment with our shorter growing season,” Boyce says. “We think that there is a role for the biological method of carbon sequestration and storage, and that appropriate grazing will increase the amount of carbon sequestered and stored in the soils.”

Bork says this new study, and similar work by Teague’s group in the U.S. will start to bridge a big gap in the science between management effects on a landscape (ranch) scale and small-scale effects in individual plants seen in research.

A retrospective review of published research comparing continuous grazing to rotational grazing on rangeland over the past 60 years concluded rotational grazing isn’t superior to continuous grazing on rangeland. Rotational grazing has its place, purpose and benefits, but maybe isn’t as important in an agronomic sense as has been perceived and promoted because, overall, it didn’t improve either plant or animal production, according to the 2008 paper by Briske et al.

How is it then that producers, range managers and many other scientists have seen and continue to see beneficial results with rotational grazing at the ranch level?

Teague in a 2013 paper suggested “farmers and ranchers achieve superior results by the way they allocate resources, use different techniques, apply novel concepts and adaptively change elements to achieve outcomes that exceed the sum of parts involved. This is the art of farming.”

“Grazing and grasslands are complex systems on a large scale with added disturbances,” says Bork. “When disturbances occur — drought, frost or grasshoppers for example — producers adapt their management, often very quickly, to deal with it.”

On the other hand, experimental research by it’s very nature considers components singly and controls variables to the greatest extent possible to prove or disprove cause and effect one by one. These small-plot studies are completed in a very short time frame relative to the time it takes for animals to fully adapt to a new grazing regime and for its effects to become fully evident across the range.

Teague proposed an alternative approach by looking at ranches where AMP-style grazing practices have been in place for a long time to evaluate the cumulative effects of management on all ecological goods and services, forage production, pasture health, carbon sequestration and greenhouse gas uptake.

Bork says, “We are interested in understanding where, when and how management affects these ecological goods and services. If AMP grazing does improve beef and plant production and does favour greenhouse gas reduction, then that adds value. In general, research to date on rotational grazing is quite clear that there are benefits, but at what scale isn’t so clear.”

A Handbook for Ranch ManagersLand & Livestock International, Inc is offering a “Free” week-long ranch management-planned grazing seminar-workshop.

What follows is a business model we have been following that has worked very well for us and for our clientele.

Planned Grazing: A Study Guide and Reference ManualWe are seeking individual ranchers to sponsor/host workshops. The sponsor/host (and spouse or key employee) get the training at his/her ranch for no charge. This is an extra special benefit to the host as his/her land will be used for the “lab” work and hands on demonstrations. This provides a great start in the implementation of his/her program.

Environmental & Natural Resource Economics: The Austrian ViewIn return, he/she takes care of the logistics involved in putting on the event. This includes arranging for the venue, booking a block of rooms for lodging, arranging for meals (if any), putting out the advertising, setting and collecting the fees and so forth.

We are then responsible for putting on the workshop.

During the interim we will each keep track of our out of pocket costs (from our end, that will be mostly travel and lodging). Then, when it is all over, we both are reimbursed our out of pocket costs and split any funds remaining 50:50.

If this sounds like something you might be interested in, click here and let us know. If the link won’t work for you, copy and paste into your browser.

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Religion of Environmentalism

 Their structure is further bolstered by their chief priests, the characters who define the science and the structured course toward salvation. They are the academics, the lead bureaucrats, and the NGO kingpins. Their scribes, the secular press and the career bureaucrats, control the thought processes and enforce the rules.

A Handbook for Ranch ManagersActually, thanks to the mandatory government propaganda camps (aka public schools) hardly anybody knows the real reason the colonies insisted on “separation of church and state” as per the Bill of Rights.

That is because many of them (colonies) had their own colonial government sanctioned religions and they didn’t want any interference from the Feds. jtl, 419

Displaced Christian Theism

Separation of Church and State
Religion of Environmentalism
By Stephen L. Wilmeth via The Westerner
He has risen!
Displaced Christian Theism

Planned Grazing: A Study Guide and Reference ManualThe 1892 Supreme Court decision, the Trinity Decision, declared that “this (Our United States) is a Christian Nation”.

The symbolism of that doctrinal foundation is everywhere. The structure of the Supreme Court has carvings of Moses and the Ten Commandments. Emblazoned over the Speaker of the House of Representatives are the words, “In God We Trust”. Oaths in courtrooms have invoked God from our beginning. The Liberty Bell has scripture engraved on it. Environmental & Natural Resource Economics: The Austrian ViewThe constitutions of all 50 states mention God. The Declaration of Independence mentions God four times. As a nation, we celebrate Christmas to commemorate the Savior’s birth. Fully, 95% of our Founders were Christian. Even our national anthem mentions God, and, at the time of our founding, the Bible was used as the primary textbook in schools. Until recent years, we knew every president was sworn in over a Bible, saying the words, “So help me God”.

Combat Shooter's Handbook Reconnaissance Marine MCI 03.32f: Marine Corps Institute The Betrayed: On Warriors, Cowboys and Other MisfitsPrior to that development, Christian Theism was our national doctrinal religion, but we know that a temporal executive branch office holder unilaterally declared that null. He said our union was no longer a Christian nation.

Religion of Environmentalism

The Essence of Liberty: Volume I: Liberty and History: The Rise and Fall of the Noble Experiment with Constitutionally Limited Government (Liberty and ... Limited Government) (Volume 1)  The Essence of Liberty: Volume II: The Economics of Liberty (Volume 2) The Essence of Liberty: Volume III: A Universal Philosophy of Political Economy (Liberty: A Universal Political Ethic) (Volume 3)Our forefathers never sought to evict the doctrinal religion from our society. They recognized “the several states” did not share uniform values. They embraced the fact that Americans lived and worshipped differently, but to eliminate the very foundation that set us apart from the world would have horrified them as much as it does us.

Immense effort and treasury has been expended to displace the Christian Theism with the secular faith of environmentalism. Concurrent with this revolution, Christian Theism has been dumped into the mix as if it were a separate and distinct denominational religion of the Christian state.

The effort has been led by what we are being told are the “best people, the most enlightened people”. In modern form, they are biblical recapitulations of the Sadducees (the ruling elite/ the one percenters) and the Pharissees (the main foes of Jesus). In modern form, they are represented by secular and atheist urbanites. Their problem, and, perhaps common to human genetic psyche, is their inevitable march toward a societal need for structure. That always entails religion in all of its forms and tenets.

They have joined the church of environmentalism.

They seek an Eden, a paradise, and a state of oneness with nature. They believe in a fall from grace. That is represented in their anxiety over pollution and the parallel impacts of global warming. They believe there will be a day of judgment when the earth’s ecosystems collapse, hence, they seek salvation. That lies just on the horizon, within reach only by their influence under their managed and deeply sacred state of sustainability.

Their structure is further bolstered by their chief priests, the characters who define the science and the structured course toward salvation. They are the academics, the lead bureaucrats, and the NGO kingpins. Their scribes, the secular press and the career bureaucrats, control the thought processes and enforce the rules.

The system they have created and control also collects the tithing. No longer is a biblical 10% good enough. No, we are subject upwards toward 50% of expenditures when all the tax on alcohol, tobacco, fuel, and varied and expansive surcharges are layered with federal, state, and local taxation. The uncounted trillions must be staggering.

Without a doubt, the religion of environmentalism has grown exponentially. It has become one with our government. It is manifested daily in the disclosure that every alternative energy grant will fail like its previous rendition, that the demise of the meadow mouse is a bureaucratic invention, that NOAA is starting to look awfully idiotic defending global warming, that the importance of biological connectivity should be reassessed in juxtaposition with On the Origin of Species, that wilderness dreaming from Manhattan is light years apart from actually living and working in nature, and that government management of the commons is the blueprint to follow for utter failure.

What these parochials don’t want to hear, though, is their religion is every bit the killer of which they have accused Christianity.

The Separation of Church and State

The secular anxiety of separation of church and state, the tool used to bludgeon Christianity, is as tedious as their global climate change scripture. The objective lesson comes from the Thomas Jefferson letter to the Danbury Baptist Association from which the reference of “building a wall of separation of Church & State” came. The stylized script was typical Jeffersonian and must be read repeatedly to get full impact. In the text, Jefferson is agreeing with the association that government’s role is one of limited, managed actions, but, under no circumstances, is the creation of opinion allowed. The message was one of agreement with the council that religious freedom was to be protected from government not the protection of government from religious thought or dictate.

We have long suffered from the absence of separation of environmentalism and our government. The war waged against Christianity has been a diversion. The real conflict is the marriage of the environmentalism religion and the federal state. There is no legal authority for that union.

It is time to separate the two. It is time to divest this government of this extra-legal codependency of church and state. Jefferson clarified that position when he continued, “…their (the people’s) legislature should make no laws respecting an establishment of religion.”

“I reciprocate your kind prayers for the protection & blessing of the common father and creator of man,” he closed. On this most holy of mornings we should take a moment and greet our fellow Christians, similarly.

He has risen, indeed!

Stephen L. Wilmeth is a rancher from southern New Mexico. “Read the lecture given by Michael Crichton, Environmentalism as Religion, given to the San Francisco Commonwealth Club in 2003. The chasm between any standard beliefs has only deepened.”

I was privileged to work with Robert H. Nelson at the DOI, and he is one of the more prolific writers on this subject. See his book, The New Holy Wars, or his more recent presentation Environmental Religion and Church and State.

And here is a short video of Crichton answering questions on the topic:



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Environmental & Natural Resource Economics: The Austrian View

edited by

Dr Jimmy T (Gunny) LaBaume

Is now available in both PAPERBACK and Kindle

BookCoverImageMurray N. Rothbard was the father of what some call Radical Libertarianism or Anarcho-Capitalism which Hans-Hermann Hoppe described as “Rothbard’s unique contribution to the rediscovery of property and property rights as the common foundation of both economics and political philosophy, and the systematic reconstruction and conceptual integration of modern, marginalist economics and natural-law political philosophy into a unified moral science: libertarianism.”

This book applies the principles of this “unified moral science” to environmental and natural resource management issues.

The book started out life as an assigned reading list for a university level course entitled Environmental and Natural Resource Economics: The Austrian View.

As I began to prepare to teach the course, I quickly saw that there was a plethora of textbooks suitable for universal level courses dealing with environmental and natural resource economics. The only problem was that they were all based in mainstream neo-classical (or Keynesian) theory. I could find no single collection of material comprising a comprehensive treatment of environmental and natural resource economics based on Austrian Economic Theory.

However, I was able to find a large number of essays, monographs, papers delivered at professional meetings and published from a multitude of sources. This book is the result. It is composed of a collection of research reports and essays by reputable scientists, economists, and legal experts as well as private property and free market activists.

The book is organized into seven parts: I. Environmentalism: The New State Religion; II. The New State Religion Debunked; III. Introduction to Environmental and Natural Resource Economics; IV. Interventionism: Law and Regulation; V. Pollution and Recycling; VI. Property Rights: Planning, Zoning and Eminent Domain; and VII. Free Market Conservation. It also includes an elaborate Bibliography, References and Recommended Reading section including an extensive Annotated Bibliography of related and works on the subject.

The intellectual level of the individual works ranges from quite scholarly to informed editorial opinion.


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Target sustainable grazing: Cover crops and holistic management practices on the Richards’ farm in Saskatchewan

“The class we took in 2003 was wonderful. We didn’t have all the traditional paradigms to hold us back, because we hadn’t been back on the farm very long.”
It continues to be a mystery to me how some folks will spend $65,000 for a new pick-up but will not spend a couple of hundred bucks for a holistic management class. Sigh… jtl

Garry Richards is seeing positive results from holistic management on the farm where he grew up near Bangor, Sask. He and his wife Lynn and three children are making it work with little outside input. “This farm was homesteaded in 1902 by my grandfather. My mother and father farmed here, then I went away to university and became a pharmacist. I was gone from the farm for about 15 years, then returned home with my wife Lynn near the end of 1999,” he says.

It was always a mixed farm, and then in the mid-1970s his father sold all the cattle and went into straight grain farming.

“Thus I didn’t grow up with any livestock, except a few horses,” adds Garry. “When my wife and I came back, we thought we would come home and see if there was a future in farming. We wanted to see if we could make a living without subsidizing the farm long-term with our off-farm income. I was a pharmacist and my wife a nurse, and it would have been fairly easy to work off the farm to generate income to help keep things going, but that wasn’t our goal,” says Richards.

“We grain farmed for two years and it was a difficult time; grain farming was barely break-even and there was a lot of pessimism. Many people were saying we shouldn’t try to farm,” he says.

“But we continued on and decided to give it a try for a couple years — so in 2002 we bought some cow-calf pairs, to get into the cow business as well as grain farming. Then in January 2003 we took a holistic management class,” he says.

Holistic management

Holistic management has been a big help in learning how to work toward improving land and pastures.

“The class we took in 2003 was wonderful. We didn’t have all the traditional paradigms to hold us back, because we hadn’t been back on the farm very long.”

“The cows we bought were all due to calve in January because that’s when most people calved at that time.” The typical thing to do was build a calving barn with a corral, and live with those cows while they calved.

“At that time we were pregnant with our first child and we were out there calving cows and taking the holistic management class. Lynn was about seven months pregnant and the challenges reinforced the fact that what we were trying to do was insane! It was a lot of work, fighting nature. That winter it happened to be minus 40 C for a long time. So the holistic management course was very timely.”

Another important event was listening to Gabe Brown speak at a local grazing conference in 2007. “In 2009 we planted our first cover crop cocktail. That was another big step for us. Today we continue to try different things every year in that mix. Some years we farm a little more grain, or a little less. The farm has become much more resilient, with a lot less risk,” says Richards.

A robust cover crop cocktail mix helps fills out Richards’ pasture.

“The components of holistic management are healthy land, healthy people, healthy profits, and we are starting to see some of these things become a bigger reality. I remember talking to Don Campbell about grass and he said that you manage for what you want, rather than what you have. Keep doing the simple principles as they were meant to be done, and things will take care of themselves. Now we are seeing our land become healthier.”

“We are trying to quantify some of those things with numbers and soil testing and a bit of science. Some things are just subjective, however, regarding how the soil looks, whether it looks aggregated, with better water infiltration. We are starting to see some differences,” he says.

“We’ve been very wet here for a number of years and we can see how our land is soaking up the moisture better. Our grain crops are better. We don’t use fungicides, and our crops are healthy. We don’t have to depend on chemicals as much,” he explains.

“We are starting to see increases in profit by using cattle in the grain production cycle — with some grazing days here and there, improving soil health, and we’re trying to extend our growing season. It’s easy to do this on perennial pasture, because it grows as soon as it can in the spring, and grows until it gets covered with snow, but on the grain fields and cultivated land it’s harder to do. We are able to extend things a bit, however, so we now have land that is photosynthesizing for more than 200 days a year now, whereas on a conventional grain crop it might only be green for 70 to 80 days,” he says.

“Our net profit on a per-acre or a per-cow basis has gotten bigger. We are also able to manage risk better, and the farm is much more resilient. We have many more options now, because some of the crops we seed can be combined or grazed, or we can make feed out of them.”

“We also have a choice, depending on markets. If the market for grain is good, we might be better off to combine that crop that year, with more net profit, and we’ll still have enough forage. That’s a great option, but sometimes weather makes it impossible to harvest it the way we want to do it. If we have oats lying out there in a swath that can’t be harvested, my cows can graze it.”

“With some of our cows we also diversify, raising some grass-finished beef to sell. That’s where our open heifers go; they make really good beef. This system suits the people who believe they don’t want any kind of antibiotics or hormones in the raising of their meat. We can assure them about the way it was grown, and the nutrition it’s been getting,” says Richards.

“When we took the holistic management class our goal was to mimic nature; we wanted the cows to calve in May/June and lick snow in winter. This was vastly different from how my father did it. When he had cattle,they put them in the barn every night.”

Total farm profits and the quality of their soil started increasing after they introduced cattle into the grain production cycle.

“I just said to him,‘Let’s try it. Many people are doing this and it’s worked. If it doesn’t work, we’ll change.’ He was willing to go along with it, so that winter we had the cows out licking snow for water, doing more foraging on their own. A few weeks turned into months and at the end of winter he couldn’t believe how good those cows looked. I give him credit because he was open-minded enough to go along with our ideas and willing to change.”

“He stood back and watched as we moved the cows all the time, and had lots of grass, and were going into pastures four feet tall. The cows were going in and tramping down and wasting all this grass that many people feel should be made into hay. He watched us doing this, and after a few years he could see that it works,” Richards says.

“Now with the cover crops, that’s another new thing, but we are seeing that the improved soil health is paying dividends in our grain crops. We are getting high yields and healthier crops, with less expense and more profit.”

The cattle

“Our first group of cows was a Limousin-Charolais cross. They were the wrong kind for grass-based, low-input agriculture, but they did fairly well. I didn’t know anything about cattle, and still have a lot to learn, but we realized we needed to find the right type of cow to make this really work.”

“In the end we looked for some other genetics and started using some New Zealand grass-based stock, including some Angus and Devon. A grass-based ranch near here had a dispersal sale, and we bought some Black Angus from them. We started a purebred herd and continued on with it, using grass-based genetics. We produce most of our own bulls now, so we know how they will perform. We know the cows, and let the system sort things out,” says Richards. “The main trick is simply to cull hard and work toward the goal.”

The cow herd today is mainly Angus with some Tarentaise and Welsh Black and Galloway to add hybrid vigour. “That’s one of the few free things a breeder can utilize. We are trying to do a little crossbreeding and still maintain a large percentage of our own Black Angus genetics.”


Working the farm is a team effort and every- one is involved. Rebekah is 13, Evan is 12, and Caroline 10.

“At this point they are interested in the farm and all three say they want to farm, but we don’t know what they will actually end up doing. If they can see a farm holistically — healthy land, healthy people, healthy profits — they will have a good farm but, more importantly, a good life,”says Garry.

Farming is a family affair for the Richards but the end goal is not just a good farm but a good life.