Keeping visitors to your farm safe

Strike a balance between enjoyable and safe

A Handbook for Ranch Managers All of this is good advise, but… What it is lacking is any treatment of legal liability. In the suit happy world we live in with a contingency fee lawyer standing on every street corner…well, you get the point. 

Time for a “once upon a time” story. Once upon a time…

Planned Grazing: A Study Guide and Reference Manual There was (and still is) a Girl Scout Ranch north of Alpine with a private ranch across the Ft. Davis highway.

Some goofy college boy went trespassing onto the Girls Scout Ranch with the idea in mind of poaching deer. The ranch manager caught him and ran him off.

Environmental & Natural Resource Economics: The Austrian ViewSo, he drove across the highway and went onto the private land. He got up into the hills and shot his-silly-self in the foot. It got dark. His wife got worried. She finally called for help. A search party was launched. The ranch owner knocked himself out to help. They found the kid and everybody lived happily ever after, right? Wrong! Guess what.

Yep, the kid found himself a contingency fee lawyer and sued the rancher.

Be careful out there. — jtl, 419

By via Canadian Cattlemen

people on a farm


 Combat Shooter's HandbookIf you operate a farm store, market garden, agri-tourism venue or host a family celebration summer brings a lot of visitors to the farm, providing a unique opportunity to promote agriculture right where it happens. But along with the fun comes a responsibility to make it a safe experience for everyone.

Reconnaissance Marine MCI 03.32f: Marine Corps Institute “You can’t assume that visitors know the risks or are even thinking about the risks involved,” cautions Laurel Aitken, farm safety co-ordinator with Alberta Agriculture. They assume you’ve thought of the risks and addressed them.

The idea is to direct your on-farm visitors to lower-risk areas that still enhance their experience. When high-risk areas can’t be avoided take steps to secure the area with locks, warning signs or a good fence.

The Betrayed: On Warriors, Cowboys and Other MisfitsA designated uncluttered parking area away from farm vehicles and road traffic is another good precaution. Extra thought is needed with roadside stands to avoid a lineup of hastily parked vehicles along the road. Clearly marked entrance and exit signs also help with traffic flow.

If the event is inside be sure your building complies with fire safety codes The Essence of Liberty: Volume I: Liberty and History: The Rise and Fall of the Noble Experiment with Constitutionally Limited Government (Liberty and ... Limited Government) (Volume 1)  The Essence of Liberty: Volume II: The Economics of Liberty (Volume 2) The Essence of Liberty: Volume III: A Universal Philosophy of Political Economy (Liberty: A Universal Political Ethic) (Volume 3)for maximum numbers and all exits and fire extinguishers are easy to find. Lock cabinets holding chemicals or livestock drugs and even cleaning supplies in public washrooms.

Appropriate lighting is a simple yet effective safety measure.

Handwashing stations are a must, especially when food or picnic facilities are provided.

For scheduled activities such as hayrides, trail rides, or lessons, write safety precautions into your operating procedures.

Aitken’s recommendations are drawn from a new Alberta Farm Safe Plan (ready to roll out soon in workshops around the province). To secure a safe environment for visitors it advises:

Commit to farm safety

Discuss the farm’s safety policy with your family and employees. Set objectives and follow through on them. Start with basic rules such as the need for handwashing, no climbing on equipment, supervision of children at all times, no feeding of the animals, no smoking. Then post the rules for all to see.

Identify and assess hazards

A walkabout with family or employees is a good way to gain some fresh eyes when looking for hazards. Try to take an inexperienced urbanite’s point of view.

Assess risk associated with each hazard to prioritize your list of what needs to be done. Risk is the probability of loss, so consider the likelihood something will happen, how often it could happen, and how severe the impact would be in deciding whether you need to find a way to reduce the danger.

For example, instead of allowing kids the freedom to climb a stationary piece of equipment unattended you might station staff to help them get up and down the ladder one at a time. You could also fence off the equipment (and post information on the fence to explain the working parts) but restrict access to just the cab to give them a sense of what it feels like to be in the driver’s seat.

Hazard control

The trick is to control the risk without spoiling the fun. A hazard control standard starts by eliminating the danger wherever possible. If that goes too far, try substituting a safer activity. A step down from there is to use barriers and locks along with signage and posted rules to safeguard the most hazardous areas. At the bottom of the hazard control pyramid if you allow visitors to say, ride horses or drive ATVs, is to provide appropriate personal safety equipment.

Ongoing inspection

Things change. So ongoing inspections are needed to check for items that need repair or existing controls that need to be re-enforced before visitors arrive.

Orientation and training

Don’t allow your safety plan to become just another binder on the shelf. Your employees need to be trained in the operating procedures for each job they will be doing, and prepare them for handling emergencies if and when they occur.

Emergency response

Brainstorm and decide in advance how you will deal with emergencies such as a fire, medical emergencies, missing persons or violent ones, extreme weather, biohazards such as a chemical spill, or a power failure.

Write them down and be sure your staff knows your emergency plan. Post up-to-date emergency numbers and directions to the farm in several prominent locations.

Make sure you have at least two people trained in first aid and a stocked first aid kit available to them.

Investigate incidents

If there’s a near miss, assess what happened, how it happened and how you will prevent it from ever happening again. It may not seem like a big deal if a campfire jumps the pit and gets squelched without causing any damage, but the next time it could cause a grass fire that wipes out valuable property, when an extinguisher or a bucket of water nearby would have been all that was needed to prevent it.

For more information call Aitken at 780-980-4230, or visit the Farm Safety Home Page on the Alberta Agriculture and Forestry website for fact sheets decals, signage, activities, displays for kids, and more. Other resources are the Canadian Agricultural Safety Association and the Integrating Safety into Agritourism websites.


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Planned Grazing: A Study Guide and Reference ManualPlanned Grazing: A Study Guide and Reference Manual. This is the ideal squeal to A Handbook for Ranch Managers.  Although the ecological principles remain the same, what was originally known as “The Savory Grazing Method” now answers to a multitude of different names: ranching for profit, holistic management, managed grazing, mob grazing, management intensive grazing, etc. Land & Livestock International, Inc. uses “Restoration Grazing” under its “Managing the Ranch as a Business” program.” No mater what you call it, this summary and synopsis will guide you step by step through the process and teach you how to use it as it was originally intended. No more excuses for failing to complete your grazing plans.

About Land & Livestock Interntional, Inc.

Land and Livestock International, Inc. is a leading agribusiness management firm providing a complete line of services to the range livestock industry. We believe that private property is the foundation of America. Private property and free markets go hand in hand—without property there is no freedom. We also believe that free markets, not government intervention, hold the key to natural resource conservation and environmental preservation. No government bureaucrat can (or will) understand and treat the land with as much respect as its owner. The bureaucrat simply does not have the same motives as does the owner of a capital interest in the property. Our specialty is the working livestock ranch simply because there are so many very good reasons for owning such a property. We provide educational, management and consulting services with a focus on ecologically and financially sustainable land management that will enhance natural processes (water and mineral cycles, energy flow and community dynamics) while enhancing profits and steadily building wealth.
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