With prejudice means prosecutors can’t seek a new trial.
If there is such a thing as a frying pan hell, there is a very large auditorium on reserve for this bunch of bastards. — jtl, 419
Federal prosecutors in Nevada are asking a federal judge to reconsider her dismissal of charges against Cliven Bundy, his sons Ammon and Ryan Bundy and supporter Ryan Payne in their 2014 armed standoff over cattle grazing, arguing that her ruling was erroneous, ”unwarranted and unjust.”
They said U.S. District Judge Gloria M. Navarro failed to consider a less drastic remedy for the evidence violations she found.
In a motion filed Wednesday, the prosecutors also reiterated their unsuccessful argument that the evidence they failed to share until too late wouldn’t have been admissible anyway because they didn’t believe the defendants could argue that they acted in self-defense, were provoked or intimidated.
They urged the judge to consider the fallout from her Jan. 8 dismissal, suggesting it will endanger other federal officers who typically patrol remote public lands alone.
“This case has major ramifications for all public lands law enforcement officers,” Elizabeth White, the Nevada U.S. attorney’s appellate chief, wrote in a 29-page motion.
“Dismissing this entire case with prejudice, based on the government’s non-disclosure of mostly duplicative evidence of law enforcement’s pre-impoundment surveillance and preparation, would encourage the defendants, their supporters and the public to disrespect the law and the lawful orders of the courts.”
With prejudice means prosecutors can’t seek a new trial.
The judge found that prosecutors didn’t turn over evidence to defense attorneys that dealt with an FBI surveillance camera, federal snipers and other officers positioned outside the Bundy ranch in April 2014.
The senior Bundy, 71, Ammon Bundy, 45, and Ryan Bundy, 42, and Payne, 34, were indicted on conspiracy and other allegations, accused of rallying militia members and armed supporters to stop federal officers from impounding Bundy cattle near Bunkerville. Government authorities were acting on a court order filed after Cliven Bundy failed to pay grazing fees and fines for two decades. The outnumbered federal contingent retreated and halted the cattle roundup on April 12, 2014.
Navarro last month dismissed the Bundy prosecution, citing “flagrant misconduct” by prosecutors and the FBI in not disclosing evidence before and during trial. The judge listed six separate types of evidence withheld and ruled that each violation was willful.
She found the government misconduct was “outrageous” and “egregious” because the prosecution team and the FBI didn’t give defense lawyers information that they had specifically requested.
The decision to file a motion to reconsider the dismissal instead of filing an immediate appeal is a tactical choice, federal legal experts said. The Nevada prosecutors may believe they can expand on arguments they made earlier and change the judge’s mind, or they may want to include information that they hadn’t presented before but believe they need to now to have in the court record before seeking an appeal.
The Nevada U.S. Attorney’s Office noted in its motion, as it previously had in December arguments, that the judge in a separate trial of standoff co-defendants last April rejected a defense request for a self-defense instruction to jurors, finding then that the record “belies the defendants’ contention that the agents used excessive force.”
The prosecutors argued that the information about a surveillance camera, presence of FBI SWAT officers or snipers and officers at listening and observation posts around the Bundy ranch related to preparation between April 5 and April 8, 2014, for the cattle roundup.
That all came before a confrontation with federal officers on either April 9, 2014, when officers stunned Ammon Bundy with a Taser gun and knocked his aunt to the ground as they tried to block a federal convoy, or the April 12, 2014, standoff in the Toquop Wash near Bunkerville.
“To the extent the court’s dismissal with prejudice is predicated on the materiality of the late-disclosed evidence to defendant’s theories of ‘self-defense, provocation and intimidation,” it is in error,” White wrote. “The government’s ‘failure’ to produce information to help the defendants develop a ‘defense’ they had no right to make does not violate Brady.” Brady is the 1963 landmark U.S. Supreme Court case that requires prosecutors to share any evidence that may be favorable to the defense.
Navarro, however, specifically addressed those concerns in her dismissal ruling.
She said prosecutors were “well aware” that theories of self-defense, provocation and intimidation might become relevant if the defendants could provide sufficient proof to the court, noting it was part of a prior court order entered in the case.
In their latest motion, prosecutors argued that the dismissal of the case with prejudice was a “drastic measure.” They argued the court could have dismissed one or more charges or dismissed the case without prejudice, allowing a new trial.
They suggested that the court could have ordered that the evidence provided too late wasn’t to be presented at trial or removed the conspiracy charge in the federal indictment, which alleged that defendants used deceit and falsely told supporters that the Bundy ranch was surrounded by snipers. The judge also could have dismissed an extortion charge, which alleged defendants used social media in aid of the allegation, they argued.
“Dismissal of one or more counts would be an extreme sanction, to be sure, but less drastic than dismissing the entire indictment, and more appropriate given the nature of the Brady violations the Court found,” the prosecutors wrote.
Ryan Bundy, reached by phone Wednesday night, said he wasn’t worried.
“Number one, the judge slammed them,” he said. “It’s ridiculous to think anything could come of that.”
Also Wednesday, federal prosecutors asked the judge to cancel the scheduled Feb. 26 trial for remaining defendants Mel Bundy, David Bundy, Joseph O’Shaughnessy and Jason Woods, and dismiss their case with prejudice, in light of the dismissal of the case against the lead defendants and the government’s request that the judge reconsider that ruling.
— Maxine Bernstein
Prosecutors say witness testimony, audio and video evidence, plus bullet trajectory analysis yielded one conclusion: FBI agent W. Joseph Astarita lied about firing two shots at the truck of refuge occupation spokesman Robert “LaVoy” Finicum in 2016 after he swerved into a snowbank.
The information is detailed in a 32-page government response to Astarita’s motion to dismiss the federal indictment against him. He’s pleaded not guilty to three counts of making false statements and two counts of obstruction of justice. Astarita’s lawyer claimed the indictment was based on “junk science.”
The government response also reveals that Oregon State Police SWAT troopers at the scene, ordinarily required to wear body cameras, didn’t that day at the request of the FBI. The FBI did obtain video from FBI surveillance planes flying above the scene.
State police detectives also normally record interviews of officers who might be involved in a shooting, but they didn’t that night when questioning the FBI Hostage Rescue Team members, again at the FBI’s request. A follow-up interview with the hostage team members also came with unusual conditions, prosecutors note.
Astarita fired after Finicum’s truck swerved into a snowbank at a roadblock and then stepped out of his pickup, investigators said. Astarita’s first rifle shot missed Finicum’s truck entirely and the second entered Finicum’s truck from the roof, “sending sparks into the cabin and blowing out the left rear passenger window next to Ryan Bundy,” according to federal prosecutors. Finicum wasn’t struck.
On cellphone video taken by passenger Shawna Cox, Ryan Bundy, crouched in the back seat, could be heard saying, “I got hit, too,” according to the government filing.
The shooting came as the FBI and state police moved to arrest the leaders of the armed occupation of the Malheur National Wildlife Refuge as they drove to a meeting in John Day on Jan. 26, 2016.
The bullet that entered the top of the truck came from the right side, slightly to the rear of the truck, and its path could have come only from Astarita or his immediate supervisor, according to Deschutes County Sheriff’s Office detectives, who investigated the shooting. The supervisor, identified as B.M., was eliminated as the source, but the government response doesn’t say how.
Finicum, 54, was shot and killed by state police a short time later at the scene after he walked away from the truck and reached into his jacket pocket, where he had a loaded pistol, investigators said. The Malheur County district attorney later ruled that the fatal shooting was justified.
Lawyers for indicted FBI Agent W. Joseph Astarita also Friday urged the court to dismiss four of the five charges against their client, saying the agent shouldn’t face five separate allegations “for telling one alleged lie.”
Another FBI supervisor, identified by the initials “I.M.,” responded to the scene to find out if any of the hostage team agents had fired their weapons.
I.M. asked Astarita if he had fired his rifle. Astarita’s response was “markedly different” than the other team members but he “clearly communicated” that he hadn’t fired his rifle, prosecutors wrote.
Astarita apparently responded with an angry retort, questioning I.M’s authority to ask, and another hostage team member told Astarita that he needed to respond, the court filing says. Astarita’s lawyer has argued that his client’s remark was unresponsive and can’t be construed as a false statement.
Three other members of the FBI hostage rescue team who were at the roadblock on U.S. 395 also said they hadn’t taken any shots, according to prosecutors.
As a result, “evidence that would otherwise have been gathered and preserved was not,” Astarita’s weapon wasn’t seized, examined or secured and an FBI shooting investigation wasn’t initiated, prosecutors wrote.
Astarita’s second response to B.M., his immediate FBI supervisor, was “direct and unequivocal” that he had not fired his rifle, prosecutors noted.
The FBI ceded the shooting investigation to local authorities, thinking none of the federal agents present had fired their weapons.
Astarita told state police investigators that he was among the agents at the roadblock and described how Finicum’s truck approached at about 70 mph. Astarita said he believed Finicum had struck another hostage team agent as he swerved into the snowbank.
“He expressed concern for that operator’s safety,” according to prosecutors. Astarita said he moved into position to help the fallen agent but was unsure of his exact position because he was moving, according to the government’s document.
Since Finicum’s truck was still running and the engine was revving, Astarita told investigators that it was difficult to hear what was going on but heard other gunshots and saw Finicum fall after Finicum had moved away from the truck.
“At no point in the interview did defendant disclose that he had fired, nor did he mention that evidence, such as shell casings, had been removed from the scene,” prosecutors wrote.
A major incident team of local authorities processed the shooting scene and Finicum’s truck. They found no spent rifle casings in the roadway, though witnesses reported seeing them there.
Using a metal detector, investigators did find two spent casings buried in the snow that were matched to a state police SWAT trooper’s rifle.
Deschutes County investigators shared their concerns about missing evidence and unaccounted-for shots with FBI officials in the days after the shooting. I.M., the FBI supervisor who had first questioned Astarita, also expressed frustration to another FBI leader about Astarita’s odd response to his routine question. More FBI supervisory agents spoke with Astarita.
On Feb. 6, 2016, two state police detectives reinterviewed Astarita, but by then the hostage rescue team agents knew there were unaccounted-for gunshots and missing shell casings. The agents set conditions for the interview: They could only be interviewed as a group, the interview couldn’t be recorded and their lawyer could be present on a speakerphone.
The state police detectives found those conditions “particularly an unrecorded group interview – odd and problematic, but reluctantly agreed to them, believing that the alternative would be no interview at all,” prosecutors wrote.
B.M., the leader of Astarita’s team, served as the “spokesman” for the group and did most of the talking. The hostage rescue team agents conveyed individually and through their spokesman that they didn’t fire any shots.
While Astarita’s lawyer has urged the court, at the least, to dismiss four of the five charges, arguing they are repetitious, prosecutors say each charge is warranted because Astarita made false statements to three different FBI supervisors , who each had a different role to play and each lie “further impaired the FBI’s investigation.”
— Maxine Bernstein
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