Is There A Biological Top In Feedlot Performance?

By Nevil Speer via Beef

The beef industry continues to make consistent strides toward improved productivity and efficiency.

Last week’s Industry At A Glance featured discussion around the enduring trend of heavier carcass weights over time. Most notably, a new record was established in September at 889 lbs., with seasonally heavier weights expected in the months to come. The discussion also included some of the contributors to the long-running trend. These include better genetics, more precise nutritional strategies, use of beta agonists, improved knowledge management and better overall cattle management.

Kansas State University produces a monthly summary of feedlot performance and feed costs across the state that dates back to 1990. The data series represents raw means from feedyards; as such, it isn’t weighted by the number of head reported. Nonetheless, the general trend provides some important insights.

The accompanying graph represents 12-month moving averages for both steer average daily gain (ADG) and steer feed conversion (on a dry-matter basis). Steers in 1990 had an ADG of 3.09 lbs./day and required 6.51 lbs. of feed for 1 lb. of gain. Fast-forward to 2014, and through August, the 12-month moving average is 3.71 lbs. and 5.92 lbs. for ADG and feed conversion, respectively.

Those gains represent improvements of 20% and 10%, respectively. It’s the equivalent of 1% and .5% annual improvement, respectively. It should be noted that the large spikes in the data series occurred because of harsh winter conditions in early 1993.

The beef industry continues to make consistent strides toward improved productivity and efficiency. Remember, these are averages, so there are cattle that far exceed these gain and efficiency benchmarks.

Similar to last week’s discussion on carcass weight, the inherent question surrounds the upper bounds of possibility. At what point does the industry reach or exceed some biological maximum in which these trends begin to level off? How soon might that occur? What drivers might cause a leveling-off, or a reversal, of the long-running trend?

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A Handbook for Ranch ManagersA Handbook for Ranch Managers.  In keeping with the “holistic” idea that the land, the livestock, the people and the money should be viewed as a single integrated whole: Part I deals with the management of the natural resources. Part II covers livestock production and Part III deals with the people and the money. Not only would this book make an excellent basic text for a university program in Ranch Management, no professional ranch manager’s reference bookshelf should be without it. It is a comprehensive reference manual for managing the working ranch. The information in the appendices and extensive bibliography alone is worth the price of the book.

Planned Grazing: A Study Guide and Reference ManualPlanned Grazing: A Study Guide and Reference Manual. This is the ideal squeal to A Handbook for Ranch Managers.  Although the ecological principles remain the same, what was originally known as “The Savory Grazing Method” now answers to a multitude of different names: ranching for profit, holistic management, managed grazing, mob grazing, management intensive grazing, etc. Land & Livestock International, Inc. uses “Restoration Grazing” under its “Managing the Ranch as a Business” program.” No mater what you call it, this summary and synopsis will guide you step by step through the process and teach you how to use it as it was originally intended. No more excuses for failing to complete your grazing plans.

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5 Tips For Getting The Most Cash For Your Cull Cows

by Amanda Radke in BEEF Daily

The cull cow market is typically saturated in the late fall and early winter months. Cody Wright, South Dakota State University Extension beef specialist, offers five tips for managing and marketing cull cows to get the best price at sale time.

Last week, I mentioned that we were preg-checking our cows. I’m happy to say that, following the ultrasound exams on our herd, our veterinarian reported that we had very few open cows. This allows us to be more discriminating in our culling this fall, and we’ll now examine other variables such as disposition, poor production or udder problems. As one reader aptly wrote, he selects cull cows with the four “O’s” — open, old, ornery or odd.

Now that we have our culls sorted from our keepers, it’s time to decide the best way to manage and market this group of cows. This is particularly important because cull cow receipts account for 15-30% of income from the cow-calf enterprise, according to Cody Wright, South Dakota State University Extension beef specialist.

Wright offers five considerations for getting the best bang for your cull cows.

  1. Hit the cull cow market at its peak time.

“In the Northern Great Plains, the market is generally the highest in the late spring and early summer months and the lowest in the late fall and early winter,” says Wright. “During the fall and early winter, many producers are weaning and preg-checking the herd. Consequently, large numbers of cows are likely to flood the market and depress prices. Any strategy that can be implemented to market cull cows outside of this seasonal price trend can help improve revenue.”

  1. Consider feeding cull cows to delay marketing.

“Cows can be fed for a period of time to delay marketing to more favorable periods,” says Wright. “Along with delaying marketing, feeding cull cows for a period of time can increase final weight and improve dressing percent and quality grade.”

  1. Feed culls to improve quality grade.

Cull cows can be marketed as slaughter cows or bred females, depending on pregnancy status, of course. If choosing to market as fed or slaughter cows, the quality grade can greatly impact the price. Cull cows generally fall into one of five grades: Commercial, Utility-Breaker, Utility-Boner, Cutter, and Canner.

“More commonly, a mature cow older than four years of age, will fall into the bottom three grades, while a younger cow is more likely to be in the Commercial and Utility-Breaker grades,” says Wright. “It is possible for young cows to qualify for the same gradesused for young cattle (Prime, Choice, Select and Standard).”

Wright suggests feeding cull cows a high-energy diet for as few as 50 days. He says this strategy can significantly increase the final weight and quality grade as well as the fat color.

  1. Graze crop residues for cheaper gains.

It may not be realistic to keep a group of cull cows in a place where they can be fed a finishing diet, so grazing crop residues may be the most affordable option to add weight before marketing. This is typically what we do before selling, and we have found grazing corn stalks is a cheap way to add weight to both cull cows and pregnant cows going into the winter months.

According to Wright, “The general rule of thumb for gestating cows is 1 acre/cow/month. However, when feeding cull cows, it may be desirable to allow more acreage/cow to provide more corn for a longer period of time. Under these conditions, it’s not unreasonable to expect a cow grazing corn stalks to gain 1.5+ lbs./day. Over two months, a cow can conceivably gain 90 lbs., or approximately one body condition score.”

  1. Pencil out the pros and cons of implants.

“Implanting cull cows can improve feedlot performance, carcass weight and tenderness,” says Wright.

There are several studies that compare the use of estrogenic and adrogenic implants on cull cows and how well they can improve daily gains, final weights, hot carcass weight, ribeye area and yield grade. Do your research before selecting an implant option and consider how long you plan to keep culls around to see if it’s worth the time, money and labor.

We are still debating whether to sell our cull cows as bred cows or slaughter cows, but we will certainly keep in mind these five considerations as we make our decision. How do you market your cull cows to get the best price? Share your thoughts in the comments section below.

The opinions of Amanda Radke are not necessarily those of Beefmagazine.com or the Penton Farm Progress Group.

Environmental & Natural Resource Economics: The Austrian View

edited by

Dr Jimmy T (Gunny) LaBaume

Is now available in both PAPERBACK and Kindle

BookCoverImageMurray N. Rothbard was the father of what some call Radical Libertarianism or Anarcho-Capitalism which Hans-Hermann Hoppe described as “Rothbard’s unique contribution to the rediscovery of property and property rights as the common foundation of both economics and political philosophy, and the systematic reconstruction and conceptual integration of modern, marginalist economics and natural-law political philosophy into a unified moral science: libertarianism.”

This book applies the principles of this “unified moral science” to environmental and natural resource management issues.

The book started out life as an assigned reading list for a university level course entitled Environmental and Natural Resource Economics: The Austrian View.

As I began to prepare to teach the course, I quickly saw that there was a plethora of textbooks suitable for universal level courses dealing with environmental and natural resource economics. The only problem was that they were all based in mainstream neo-classical (or Keynesian) theory. I could find no single collection of material comprising a comprehensive treatment of environmental and natural resource economics based on Austrian Economic Theory.

However, I was able to find a large number of essays, monographs, papers delivered at professional meetings and published from a multitude of sources. This book is the result. It is composed of a collection of research reports and essays by reputable scientists, economists, and legal experts as well as private property and free market activists.

The book is organized into seven parts: I. Environmentalism: The New State Religion; II. The New State Religion Debunked; III. Introduction to Environmental and Natural Resource Economics; IV. Interventionism: Law and Regulation; V. Pollution and Recycling; VI. Property Rights: Planning, Zoning and Eminent Domain; and VII. Free Market Conservation. It also includes an elaborate Bibliography, References and Recommended Reading section including an extensive Annotated Bibliography of related and works on the subject.

The intellectual level of the individual works ranges from quite scholarly to informed editorial opinion.

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Another Day, Another Record High; Are We Close?

…humans concentrate on what they know and fail to take into consideration what they don’t know.

Did you ever hear anyone brag at a cocktail party about how much money they LOST on an investment? And you never will either. — jtl

by Cassie Fish, CassandraFish.com via The Beef

During the thinly traded pre-8 a.m. trading hours, CME LC cattle futures gave late-comer bulls a gift and sold off over a buck, while heartening bears who could Tweet about the possibility of another reversal. For old bulls, those that have been around for this patience-testing remarkable run, it’s time to take the deepest seat yet.

This bull market may be long in the tooth, but it continues to make history and history-making commonplace. Spot Oct and most active Dec LC have both made contract highs and all-time highs this morning.

Perception Versus Reality

Sometime there is no fading the news. Sometimes, even in today’s world of electronic trading, high frequency traders, every kind of committed trading arrangement between packer and cattle feeder resulting in less competition and a great deal less transparency—markets still prevail.

On June 25, “The Beef” featured the Black Swan theory put forth by Nassim Nicholas Taleb in his book, The Black Swan, The Impact of the Highly Improbable. To recap, Taleb submits that humans concentrate on what they know and fail to take into consideration what they don’t know. The result, according to the author, is the difficulty in in truly estimating opportunities.

If it were up to some traders and not to the market itself, the lights would already have been turned out for this bull party. But the market’s job of price discovery is still valid. And plain old supply and demand still valid too.

The fundamentals have been discussed, crunched, disputed, argued, ignored and embraced this year. Mostly though, this particularly exceptional set of fundamentals have taught cattle and beef traders’ humility and that history is no road map when a paradigm is truly shifting. The numbers themselves and our perceptions about those numbers have only gotten us so far, while reality, especially the discovery of the unexpected inelasticity of beef prices, has been the real driver.

It certainly might seem with Oct LC over $41 higher than November 2013 and $14 higher since the Black Swan blog post ran June 25 that the bull market must be getting close to concluding. But then again, that’s just the application of what we think we know. Not the examination of what we don’t.

The Beef is published by Consolidated Beef Producers…for more info click here.

Disclaimer:  The Beef, CBP nor Cassie Fish shall not be liable for decisions or actions taken based on the data/information/opinions.

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The Essence of Liberty: Volume I: Liberty and History: The Rise and Fall of the Noble Experiment with Constitutionally Limited Government (Liberty and ... Limited Government) (Volume 1)The Essence of Liberty Volume I: Liberty and History chronicles the rise and fall of the noble experiment with constitutionally limited government. It features the ideas and opinions of some of the world’s foremost contemporary constitutional scholars. This is history that you were not taught at the mandatory government propaganda camps otherwise known as “public schools.” You will gain a clear understanding of how America’s decline and decay is really nothing new and how it began almost immediately with the constitution. Available in both paperback and Kindle versions.

The Essence of Liberty: Volume II (The Economics of Liberty)The Essence of Liberty Volume II: The Economics of Liberty will introduce the reader to the fundamental principles of the Austrian School of Economics. The Austrian School traces its origins back to the Scholastics of Medieval Spain. But its lineage actually began with Carl Menger and continued on through Adam Smith, Ludwig von Mises, Murray Rothbard and many others. It is the one and only true private property based, free market line of economic thought. Available in both paperback and Kindle versions.

The Essence of Liberty: Volume III: A Universal Philosophy of Political Economy (Liberty: A Universal Political Ethic) (Volume 3)The Essence of Liberty Volume III: Liberty: A Universal Political Ethic. This is the volume that pulls it all together. With reference to Hans-Hermann Hoppe’s description of Murray Rothbard’s work, it is a “unique contribution to the rediscovery of property and property rights as the common foundation of both economics and political philosophy, and the systematic reconstruction and conceptual integration of modern, marginalist economics and natural-law political philosophy into a unified moral science: libertarianism.” Available in both paperback and Kindle versions.

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Blue: For Earth. For Humanity. For Freedom. DVD

You may be shocked to discover that their worst enemy has become the ‘environmental’ movement.

I don’t think it would shock anybody that has hung out on this blob for any length of time at all. Order your copy of the film at: Patriot Depot.– jtl

This Film Unmasks the UN’s Agenda 21 Plan!

Image 1

  • Image 2
  • What if the “green” movement isn’t saving the earth, but instead is enslaving humanity?

    BLUE is more than a film, it’s an idea. Ideas have the power to change the way we think, begin movements, and even change the world. One of the most prominent idea of our time today is the Green Movement, which says that the Earth is threatened by the activity, even the existence, of mankind, and that the noble response is to restrict our freedom in order to save the planet. The movie BLUE challenges that idea. BLUE is an independently funded and filmed documentary by director, JD King.

     

    “In BLUE, filmmaker JD King takes you into some of the most spectacular forest lands in North America, and introduces you to many of the real people who have made their lives there for generations. They are now in a desperate battle to save everything they value, their land, their jobs, their families, their way of life. You may be shocked to discover that their worst enemy has become the ‘environmental’ movement. Do our new environmental governors really know what is best for these rich precious lands? To the contrary, JD King explores the reality underneath the rhetoric, and shows that this movement is no longer about humans’ proper conservancy of nature, but is all about seizing the new ‘green’—of money, power and dictatorial control. Can rational rules for these lands–based on the human values of rights and freedom—prevail? Some of the true stories you will see in this movie may outrage you, some of them will move and inspire you, but you will never take the claims and demands of ‘environmental leaders’ at face value again after experiencing BLUE.” — Prof. Matt Malkin, UCLA

    Run time: 58 minutes

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The Betrayed: On Warriors, Cowboys and Other MisfitsThe Betrayed: On Warriors, Cowboys and Other Misfits. Although woven around the experiences and adventures of one man, this is also the story of the people who lived during the period of time in American history that an entire generation was betrayed It is the story of the dramatically changing times in which this personal odyssey took place. It is the story of thebetrayal of an entire generation of Americans and particularly the 40% (of the military aged males) of that generation that fought the Vietnam war.

Combat Shooter's Handbook Combat Shooter’s Handbook. Call for a pizza, a cop, and an ambulance and see which one arrives first. So, who does that leave to protect you, your life, property and family? The one and only answer is: YOU This Handbook is intended to help you exercise that right and meet that responsibility. Available in both paperback and Kindle versions.

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Tribal national park plan head for a referendum vote

I thought the tribes were supposed to be “sovereign nations.” But now the NPS just burrows its way in and takes over. The FedGov can’t (or won’t) leave anybody alone. — jtl, 419

101214-nws-park

In an unexpected move, the Oglala Sioux Tribal Council has decided its members should have a voice in the creation of a tribal national park on the Pine Ridge Indian Reservation.

The decision came at a tribal council meeting on Monday, Oct. 6, a few hours after the council tabled a draft of proposed federal legislation that would be necessary to authorize the tribal national park on what is now called the South Unit of Badlands National Park.

At the same meeting, the council also rescinded a controversial 2013 resolution that evicted ranchers from grazing land in and around the South Unit.

Tribal President Bryan Brewer said Friday that a referendum vote will be held in 90 days to give tribal members a chance to decide on the creation of the park.

“All the people will decide that,” Brewer said.

Until Monday’s action, the tribe was pursuing the creation of the tribal national park. The referendum could determine whether the tribe continues negotiating with the National Park Service to create the  park.

A spokesperson for the National Park Service said in a Friday email that NPS is trying to sort out the actions the council took on Monday.

“We’ve been working with OST for some time on the concept for a tribal national park,” wrote Sandra Washington, the assistant regional director for the Midwest Region.

A 2012 record of the decision on the general management plan for the South Unit stated NPS’s intention to work with the tribe on “a statutory framework for a tribal national park,” Washington said.

She added, “We are still working.”

Brewer plans to hold two public hearings before the referendum “so that the people can hear everything on it.”

The South Unit rests entirely within the boundaries of the Pine Ridge Indian Reservation, but is presently managed by the National Park Service.

The plan to convert the area into a tribal national park sparked heated debates on the reservation after the resolution/ordinance, identified as 13-21, was passed in May 2013. That ordinance revoked grazing leases held by tribal members on grasslands in and surrounding the South Unit. The revocations would have been effective at the end of the 2015 grazing season. Many of those leases provided income for people for whom the land is held in trust by the Bureau of Indian Affairs.

The council adopted 13-21 after a study commissioned by the tribe reported that the grasslands were necessary to reintroduce bison to the proposed park.

The ordinance also asserted the tribe’s right to use condemnation to claim property allotted to tribal members.

The ranchers and owners of the allotted lands have sued in tribal court to stop the enforcement of 13-21. The case has met with several delays, but another hearing is scheduled for Oct. 30 in Pine Ridge.

“We wanted to get rid of (the ordinance). We should have gotten rid of it a long time ago,” Brewer said.

Councilman Garfield Steele made the motion to rescind the ordinance last Monday. Once the proposed legislation was tabled, the timing was right, he said.

“No one was more surprised than me that it passed,” Steele told the Journal.

Steele is one of two council members from the Wounded Knee District. His people are opposed to the park because the area encompasses a sacred area known as the Stronghold, where one of the last known Ghost Dances was held.

“I think we won the battle,” Steele said, “but I’m still nervous.”

Vice President Thomas Poor Bear was also pleased that 13-21 was rescinded.

“I oppose the South Unit,” he said.

Contact Andrea J. Cook at 394-8423 or andrea.cook@rapidcityjournal.com

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The Essence of Liberty: Volume I: Liberty and History: The Rise and Fall of the Noble Experiment with Constitutionally Limited Government (Liberty and ... Limited Government) (Volume 1)The Essence of Liberty Volume I: Liberty and History chronicles the rise and fall of the noble experiment with constitutionally limited government. It features the ideas and opinions of some of the world’s foremost contemporary constitutional scholars. This is history that you were not taught at the mandatory government propaganda camps otherwise known as “public schools.” You will gain a clear understanding of how America’s decline and decay is really nothing new and how it began almost immediately with the constitution. Available in both paperback and Kindle versions.

The Essence of Liberty: Volume II (The Economics of Liberty)The Essence of Liberty Volume II: The Economics of Liberty will introduce the reader to the fundamental principles of the Austrian School of Economics. The Austrian School traces its origins back to the Scholastics of Medieval Spain. But its lineage actually began with Carl Menger and continued on through Adam Smith, Ludwig von Mises, Murray Rothbard and many others. It is the one and only true private property based, free market line of economic thought. Available in both paperback and Kindle versions.

The Essence of Liberty: Volume III: A Universal Philosophy of Political Economy (Liberty: A Universal Political Ethic) (Volume 3)The Essence of Liberty Volume III: Liberty: A Universal Political Ethic. This is the volume that pulls it all together. With reference to Hans-Hermann Hoppe’s description of Murray Rothbard’s work, it is a “unique contribution to the rediscovery of property and property rights as the common foundation of both economics and political philosophy, and the systematic reconstruction and conceptual integration of modern, marginalist economics and natural-law political philosophy into a unified moral science: libertarianism.” Available in both paperback and Kindle versions.

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Can twine kill a cow?

Unless the animal is cut open to determine the cause of death, many producers never know what happened

Dr. John Campbell speaking at a veterinarian conference

In cows that died, Campbell says the rumens were very large and net wrap was blocking the outlet.

“I don’t have a lot of data, unfortunately, but I’m starting to believe this is a bigger problem than we give it credit for. I recently did a herd investigation in which a fairly well-managed cow-calf herd had six cows die over a period of two days. The local veterinarian asked me to stop by and I was able to necropsy two cows that had recently died. The cows were close to calving and in reasonable body condition,” Campbell says.

“The rumens were very large and full of feed and I found large amounts of plastic net wrap occluding the outflow in both rumens. The producer had used a bale processor but did not remove net wrap when processing bales. I believe the cows ingested these large pieces of net wrap and it was probably not an issue until they became heavily pregnant. Once the fetus got large enough to restrict abdominal space, the rumen became occluded and huge, and the cows died of what appeared to be suffocation. Lying down on a hillside may have played a role as well.”

net wrap from a cow rumen

This scenario is becoming more and more common, but unless the unfortunate animal is cut open to determine the cause of the problem many producers never know what happened. Necropsy may reveal wads of net wrap or baling twine. The cow may ingest these when they are left on the bales, or consume rebaled twines or bale wrap that were out in the field and ended up in the next crop of hay.

The most common symptoms are poor appetite (some cows stop eating entirely), weight loss, diarrhea, or sometimes a too-full rumen and suffocation. The producer may do nothing to try to save the cow because of the high cost of surgery, and because the symptoms are vague. People might suspect BVD, hardware, Johne’s disease, salmonella, E. coli, liver flukes, coccidiosis or internal parasites.

“The herd I investigated had multiple cows that all died within a few days of each other, possibly because they were heavily pregnant. The full rumen and large uterus may have put too much pressure on the lungs. In other instances the net wrap may become entangled with all the food material and create blockage at the exit into the intestine. This creates a slower demise, with the cow losing weight for a period of time.”

The ingested material may be small amounts of chopped-up net wrap, or a large piece that was left on a bale — or was not chopped up by the processor. “Perhaps the blades are dull, or the net wrap gets wound around them, or for whatever reason sometimes the processor just shoots that wrap out in one big piece and doesn’t chop it up. In this particular instance it was pretty obvious that the processor was not chopping up the wrap,” says Campbell.

“One of my colleagues thought maybe the cows ate it because they’d run out of feed; some people wait until the cows clean up the previous feed before feeding them again. I’m not sure if that’s a reason or not, however, because cows will eat all sorts of things even if they have a lot of feed. Once they start chewing on something like baling twine or net wrap they tend to keep wadding it into the mouth and usually swallow it,” he says.

“I think that sometimes the ingested pieces don’t affect them much when they are not pregnant. There is enough room in the rumen for a fair amount of foreign matter to roll around in there without obstructing anything. But once a cow gets heavily pregnant with a big fetus pushing up against the rumen, this makes it more difficult for that foreign material to move around in there. It may get wedged in the wrong spot. It might suddenly obstruct the outflow of the rumen. In some cases it might completely block the outlet and the food can’t go on through the tract.”

The cow can’t eat much because the rumen is full and unable to empty itself. She loses weight because she’s not eating enough, and not much material is going through the tract. These cows waste away and may have diarrhea because only the fluid contents of the rumen can make it past the obstruction.

“The pregnant cows I observed were in good shape, however, and dying suddenly. Their rumens were full of feed, and they had a big calf in them, and when they lay down on a slight hillside with pressure on their lungs, they essentially suffocated. One of the cows I opened up had just started to calve. The calf’s legs were entering the birth canal. She may have laid down to calve and couldn’t breathe adequately because of the full rumen,” says Campbell.

“These cows died so quickly that they didn’t lose weight. But in a cow that isn’t heavily pregnant you might see the opposite scenario — with cows losing weight over a period of time, and poor appetite. The net wrap could cause an obstruction to where they are basically impacted and not much solid feed going through,” he says.

“The rumens of the cows I opened up were gigantic. It took a lot of time to wade through all the feed material in the rumen to find the net wrap. It would be easy to miss if you weren’t looking for it, even though these were really big wads,” he says.

“I don’t have any idea how common this problem is, or how often we’re missing it. For that producer who lost the six cows, you wouldn’t know whether he’d have 10 more cows die, or no more cows die. Certainly you could look for and diagnosis this condition in the heavily pregnant cow if you saw a cow that was really full on the left side and you palpated her rumen and it was hard and impacted, rather than full of gas,” says Campbell.

“You could do a rumenotomy — open up the rumen and search for the foreign material. It wouldn’t be an easy job, with all the food material in there, but it would be something a person could try. That’s what I told the farmer — that if he had any more cases and suspected a problem he could palpate the left side of the abdomen. If it’s big and hard this would be something we could try.” It might be a chance to save the cow.

“It would be an extensive surgery because you’d be pulling material out of that rumen for quite a while before you could get it all out. A lot of that stuff was hard and dry, and packed in there pretty tightly, in the cows I opened up. It would take some time, but a person could do it,” he says.

The plastic material doesn’t seem to break down, so it could potentially stay in the rumen forever. “Small pieces might pass on through, but big chunks would probably stay in the rumen and roll around in there indefinitely, and might cause problems.”

In this particular instance the bale processor had not chopped the net wrap up into little pieces like you’d expect it to. “It seemed to wrap around and then shoot it out in a big wad now and then,” he says. You often see big pieces lying out in the field after the cows have eaten the hay. Some people gather it up afterward, but some don’t. It might be a good idea to gather it up or take it off the bales before feeding them, but that can be a challenge at times — if there has been moisture that’s frozen the net wrap to the bales. It can be almost impossible to get it all off.

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A Handbook for Ranch ManagersA Handbook for Ranch Managers.  In keeping with the “holistic” idea that the land, the livestock, the people and the money should be viewed as a single integrated whole: Part I deals with the management of the natural resources. Part II covers livestock production and Part III deals with the people and the money. Not only would this book make an excellent basic text for a university program in Ranch Management, no professional ranch manager’s reference bookshelf should be without it. It is a comprehensive reference manual for managing the working ranch. The information in the appendices and extensive bibliography alone is worth the price of the book.

Planned Grazing: A Study Guide and Reference ManualPlanned Grazing: A Study Guide and Reference Manual. This is the ideal squeal to A Handbook for Ranch Managers.  Although the ecological principles remain the same, what was originally known as “The Savory Grazing Method” now answers to a multitude of different names: ranching for profit, holistic management, managed grazing, mob grazing, management intensive grazing, etc. Land & Livestock International, Inc. uses “Restoration Grazing” under its “Managing the Ranch as a Business” program.” No mater what you call it, this summary and synopsis will guide you step by step through the process and teach you how to use it as it was originally intended. No more excuses for failing to complete your grazing plans.

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Montana decides to keep Yellowstone bison in state

HELENA, Mont. (AP) — Montana wildlife officials decided Thursday against shipping 145 bison captured from Yellowstone National Park to the Bronx zoo and other locations across the nation, choosing to send them to an American Indian reservation within the state.

The Fish and Wildlife Commission voted to transfer the bison to Fort Peck Indian Reservation instead of following a recommendation to divide the animals among the reservation, a New York-based wildlife consortium, Oklahoma’s Cherokee Nation and the state of Utah. The bison are now being held on a ranch owned by media mogul Ted Turner under a five-year agreement that comes to an end next month, adding urgency to finding them a new home.

Commissioners said they are confident in the Fort Peck tribes’ ability to manage the bison after successfully handling the one previous relocation of 63 Yellowstone bison in 2012. Commissioners also wanted to keep the animals in the state in anticipation of a Montana bison conservation plan to be completed next year.

Commissioner Larry Wetsit, a Fort Peck tribal member, said he is certain the tribes will work with the other groups interested in the bison.

“It’s always been the intent of the tribe to re-establish buffalo somewhere,” Wetsit said. “It’s always been our goal, and we will always work with others to ensure that does happen.”

An environmental analysis of the relocation proposal is pending. Thursday’s vote is conditional on the completion of that analysis.

Yellowstone bison are considered extremely valuable because they are one of the few wild herds left that have no cattle genes. These 145 bison were captured a decade ago under an experimental program to start new herds using the genetically pure Yellowstone animals.

They spent years in quarantine to make sure they weren’t carrying the disease brucellosis, which has caused problems for the cattle industry.

The Montana Fish, Wildlife and Parks agency’s recommendations would have given the Wildlife Conservation Society 10 bison for zoos in the Bronx, Queens and Ohio. That recommendation was in recognition of the Bronx zoo being the founder of the American Bison Society, Montana Wildlife Division Administrator Ken McDonald said.

The society was instrumental in conserving the last bison before they were wiped out in North America.

The state agency recommended only 70 of the bison go to Montana’s Fort Peck Indian Reservation, with 35 to Oklahoma’s Cherokee Nation and the remaining 30 to Utah’s Division of Wildlife.

A fifth applicant, the private American Prairie wildlife reserve in north-central Montana, was dropped from consideration after wildlife officials said they wouldn’t relocate bison to nontribal lands in the state until the bison conservation plan is completed.

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The Betrayed: On Warriors, Cowboys and Other MisfitsThe Betrayed: On Warriors, Cowboys and Other Misfits. Although woven around the experiences and adventures of one man, this is also the story of the people who lived during the period of time in American history that an entire generation was betrayed It is the story of the dramatically changing times in which this personal odyssey took place. It is the story of thebetrayal of an entire generation of Americans and particularly the 40% (of the military aged males) of that generation that fought the Vietnam war.

Combat Shooter's Handbook Combat Shooter’s Handbook. Call for a pizza, a cop, and an ambulance and see which one arrives first. So, who does that leave to protect you, your life, property and family? The one and only answer is: YOU This Handbook is intended to help you exercise that right and meet that responsibility. Available in both paperback and Kindle versions.

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This May Be The Year To Over-Winter Cull Cows

A big factor in the decision is whether the pasture or hay is available to carry cows through the winter cost-effectively.

By Burt Rutherford via Beef

If cull cow slaughter increases seasonally for the remainder of 2014, how will the wholesale market react? That’s the key question when deciding to sell or hold you cull cows.

Simple question; complicated answer. The question is this: should you sell your cull cows this fall or keep them over the winter and hope to catch an upswing in the market next spring?

And the answer? It depends on what everyone else decides to do.

While that may seem like a cop-out, it’s really not. According to CattleFax analyst Mike Murphy, paying attention to what the 90 CL trimmings market does this fall might be the tip-off you need to help find your answer. If enough producers look at what culls are bringing and decide to pocket the cash, we could see a sharp seasonal increase in cull cow slaughter this fall.

“If we get a pullback to the 90s market as we expect with a bigger cull cow slaughter, we’ll see these cows pull back,” he says. “If you’re looking at trying to carry those cows as you wean calves this fall into next winter, we see great value to that decision from a market perspective, just as we did coming from 2013 to 2014,” he says.

The question, then, is even though beef cow slaughter will increase seasonally, will cull cow prices bring enough cows to town to change the 90s market? Or will the lure of even higher calf prices next year encourage producers to “give the ‘ol gal one more chance” and keep open cows through one more breeding cycle?

Of course, the 90s market is affected by more than just domestic cow slaughter; imports of grinding beef from other countries play a role, too. Australia, in particular, has been in a heavy liquidation mode due to extreme drought in the northern parts of that island nation, which has increased its beef exports. How much longer Australia will have the cattle to liquidate and how soon it rains are key factors.

And finally, Murphy says, it also hinges on whether or not you have the pasture or hay to carry cows through the winter cost-effectively. “So the key is to do the math relative to your cost structure as you look at carrying cull cows this fall into next winter,” he says.

 

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A Handbook for Ranch ManagersA Handbook for Ranch Managers.  In keeping with the “holistic” idea that the land, the livestock, the people and the money should be viewed as a single integrated whole: Part I deals with the management of the natural resources. Part II covers livestock production and Part III deals with the people and the money. Not only would this book make an excellent basic text for a university program in Ranch Management, no professional ranch manager’s reference bookshelf should be without it. It is a comprehensive reference manual for managing the working ranch. The information in the appendices and extensive bibliography alone is worth the price of the book.

Planned Grazing: A Study Guide and Reference ManualPlanned Grazing: A Study Guide and Reference Manual. This is the ideal squeal to A Handbook for Ranch Managers.  Although the ecological principles remain the same, what was originally known as “The Savory Grazing Method” now answers to a multitude of different names: ranching for profit, holistic management, managed grazing, mob grazing, management intensive grazing, etc. Land & Livestock International, Inc. uses “Restoration Grazing” under its “Managing the Ranch as a Business” program.” No mater what you call it, this summary and synopsis will guide you step by step through the process and teach you how to use it as it was originally intended. No more excuses for failing to complete your grazing plans.

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Pork, poultry to dictate future cattle prices, analyst says

by Dave Sims via the Canadian Cattleman

CNS Canada — Increased competition from pork and poultry may be the factors that ultimately stop skyrocketing beef prices across North America, according to one cattle market analyst.

“We’ve had a phenomenal year of demand for beef and prices have been record-high right through the whole pipeline so the question we’re all asking now is ‘how much farther along can we see these prices sustained at these levels?’” said Anne Wasko of Gateway Livestock Exchange at Taber, Alta.

Prices for 300- to 400-pound feeder steers in Manitoba last week climbed as high as $462 per hundredweight (cwt). Similar trends are being seen in other areas too. Steers at 700 to 800 lbs. in both Alberta and Ontario ranged between $225 to $259, according to market reports on Prairie Ag Hotwire.

“It’s right across the continent and there’s record-high prices in the U.S. as well,” said Wasko.

The feed supply and the lower loonie have also recently favoured cattle producers, she said.

“No question about it: Record U.S. corn crop, large supplies of feed grain on both sides of the border; the weak Canadian dollar is icing on the cake,” she said.

The price action also stems from a lack of sufficient volume to address demand, she said. The Canadian herd has been getting smaller for some time and only recently stabilized, said Wasko.

“But our price indications are coming out of the U.S. and the shortages there.”

The U.S. herd is still feeling the effects of the big sell-off following the droughts of 2011 and 2012, said Wasko, noting it will be a difficult situation to rectify in the near term.

“We didn’t get here overnight and you don’t increase the herd overnight,” said Wasko.

How long prices can remain this high or higher will likely depend on competition from other protein sources, she said.

“I suspect more competition could, as we get out into 2015, put a lid on where we’re seeing current beef prices,” she said.

The U.S. Department of Agriculture recently raised the commercial pork production forecast for 2015 to 23.9 billion pounds. This is expected to bump up supply, which was significantly impacted by the porcine epidemic diarrhea virus (PEDv) that resulted in the death of eight million pigs since May 2013.

Going forward, most analysts expect the record corn harvest will enable producers to feed hogs heavier, which should increase tonnage and overall production.

– Dave Sims writes for Commodity News Service Canada, a Winnipeg company specializing in grain and commodity market reporting.

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The Betrayed: On Warriors, Cowboys and Other MisfitsThe Betrayed: On Warriors, Cowboys and Other Misfits. Although woven around the experiences and adventures of one man, this is also the story of the people who lived during the period of time in American history that an entire generation was betrayed It is the story of the dramatically changing times in which this personal odyssey took place. It is the story of thebetrayal of an entire generation of Americans and particularly the 40% (of the military aged males) of that generation that fought the Vietnam war.

Combat Shooter's Handbook Combat Shooter’s Handbook. Call for a pizza, a cop, and an ambulance and see which one arrives first. So, who does that leave to protect you, your life, property and family? The one and only answer is: YOU This Handbook is intended to help you exercise that right and meet that responsibility. Available in both paperback and Kindle versions.

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Using Cattle Instinct To Turn Them

And there is a bonus at the end of the video–a hawk takes down a drone. — jtl

by Bob Kinford via the Bovine Blog

One of the things we often forget when handling cattle is that we can use their instincts to our benefit. One of these instincts is for cattle to go around us. When sorting cattle out of a pen, or getting them to go to other cattle in the pasture most of us tend to go to the front of the cow to force them to turn. As this short video shows, this is not necessary.  Using their instinct to go around us lets them turn and go without the stress of us getting in their face.

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The Betrayed: On Warriors, Cowboys and Other MisfitsThe Betrayed: On Warriors, Cowboys and Other Misfits. Although woven around the experiences and adventures of one man, this is also the story of the people who lived during the period of time in American history that an entire generation was betrayed It is the story of the dramatically changing times in which this personal odyssey took place. It is the story of thebetrayal of an entire generation of Americans and particularly the 40% (of the military aged males) of that generation that fought the Vietnam war.

Combat Shooter's Handbook Combat Shooter’s Handbook. Call for a pizza, a cop, and an ambulance and see which one arrives first. So, who does that leave to protect you, your life, property and family? The one and only answer is: YOU This Handbook is intended to help you exercise that right and meet that responsibility. Available in both paperback and Kindle versions.

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